Requirements Engineering

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 523–543 | Cite as

Sustainability requirements for eLearning systems: a systematic literature review and analysis

  • Ahmed D. AlharthiEmail author
  • Maria Spichkova
  • Margaret Hamilton
Original Article


eLearning systems have become a very important part of teaching, both as web-based systems for online education and as auxiliary tools for face-to-face study, where they provide an additional learning support for on-campus learners. To insure the sustainability of an eLearning system on both individual and social levels, we have to cover many aspects of sustainability requirements: human, technical, economic, and environmental. This paper provides a systematic literature review of the sustainability meta-requirements for eLearning systems to identify open problems and to present the state of the art of this research area. We analysed 124 papers, so we identified 18 high-level sustainability requirements for eLearning systems.


Sustainability requirements Requirements engineering eLearning Sustainable eLearning systems Sustainability Systematic literature review 



Ahmed D. Alharthi is supported by a scholarship from Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed D. Alharthi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria Spichkova
    • 1
  • Margaret Hamilton
    • 1
  1. 1.School of ScienceRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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