Der Onkologe

, Volume 23, Issue 10, pp 845–852 | Cite as

Psychoneuroimmunologie und Krebs

Neuere Forschungsergebnisse zu Katecholaminen, β‑Blockern und klinischen Implikationen
Psychoonkologie

Zusammenfassung

Es verdichten sich die Hinweise, dass psychische Belastungen (Distress) den Verlauf von Krebserkrankungen beeinflussen können. Bei der Aufklärung möglicher Pathomechanismen hat die Erforschung des autonomen Nervensystems mit dem Fokus auf Katecholamine und β‑Blocker die bisher wichtigsten Ergebnisse erbracht. In diesem Beitrag sollen die Entwicklung psychoneuroimmunologischer Arbeitsmodelle nachvollzogen, aktuelle Forschungsschwerpunkte skizziert und klinische Implikationen diskutiert werden.

Schlüsselwörter

Stresshormone Psychische Belastungen Pathomechanismen Autonomes Nervensystem Tumoren 

Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) and cancer

Latest research results on catecholamines, beta blockers and clinical implications

Abstract

Results from recent studies indicate that psychological distress has an influence on the course of cancer. For the clarification of possible underlying pathomechisms, studies on the autonomic nervous system focusing on catecholamines and beta blockers were most effective in shedding light on this aspect. This article reviews the evolution of psychoneuroimmunological working models and sketches recent topics of research. The clinical implications of the results are also discussed.

Keywords

Stress hormones Psychological distress Pathomechanisms Autonomic nervous system Tumors 

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik II, Arbeitsbereich Psychosomatische Medizin und PsychotherapieUniversitätsklinik WürzburgWürzburgDeutschland

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