Archives of Women's Mental Health

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 67–77 | Cite as

Short forms of the Postpartum Depression Screening Scale: as accurate as the original form

  • Ana Telma Pereira
  • Sandra Bos
  • Mariana Marques
  • Berta Maia
  • Maria João Soares
  • José Valente
  • Vasco Nogueira
  • Maria Helena Pinto de Azevedo
  • António Macedo
Original Article


The aims of the present study were to develop three shorter forms of the Portuguese version of the Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS) as adapted and translated in Portugal, to analyse their psychometrics and to determine their cut-off points and associated conditional probabilities to screen for perinatal depression according to DSM-IV and ICD-10 criteria. In this study, 441 women in the third trimester of pregnancy and 453 in the third month of postpartum were interviewed for diagnostic purposes according to the Portuguese versions of the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies and the Operational Criteria Checklist for Psychotic Illness. DSM-IV and ICD-10 classifications of depression were our gold standards for caseness. Three different shorter forms of the original Portuguese version of the PDSS were developed on the basis of reliability and factorial analysis. PDSS short versions, composed of seven and 21 (postpartum)/24 (pregnancy) items, presented significant reliability and validity and showed satisfactory combinations of sensitivity and specificity (≅80 %). The short forms of the original Portuguese version of the PDSS are valid alternatives to the 35-item version, given their equally precise screening performances, more concise structures and ease of completion.


Perinatal depression Screening Portuguese Postpartum Depression Screening Scale Short version(s) 



We are deeply grateful to all women who participated in the present study. To doctors, nurses and administrative personnel, we would equally like to thank their collaboration. Data for this study were drawn from a research project on Postpartum Depression and Sleep funded by FCT (POCI/FEDER/SAU-ESP/57068/2004).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Telma Pereira
    • 1
  • Sandra Bos
    • 1
  • Mariana Marques
    • 1
  • Berta Maia
    • 2
  • Maria João Soares
    • 1
  • José Valente
    • 1
  • Vasco Nogueira
    • 1
  • Maria Helena Pinto de Azevedo
    • 1
  • António Macedo
    • 1
  1. 1.Serviço de Psicologia Médica, Faculdade de MedicinaUniversidade de CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  2. 2.Instituto Superior de Serviço Social do PortoSenhora da HoraPortugal

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