Archives of Women's Mental Health

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 307–311 | Cite as

Maternal expectations of postpartum social support: validation of the postpartum social support questionnaire during pregnancy

  • Angela M. MillerEmail author
  • Carol J. Hogue
  • Bettina T. Knight
  • Zachary N. Stowe
  • D. Jeffrey Newport
Short Communication


Thirteen percent of women experience postpartum depression. Prenatal screening for anticipated postpartum social support, a postpartum depression risk factor, may allow for early intervention. We sought to validate use of a modified version of the Postpartum Social Support Questionnaire (PSSQ) in pregnant women at increased risk for postpartum depression. Factor analysis using orthogonal varimax rotation was used. The modified PSSQ, administered during pregnancy, yields similar loading patterns as observed in postpartum administration of the original PSSQ.


Social support Postpartum Postpartum depression Pregnancy 



This work was supported by National Institutes of Health grant MH-077928.

Conflict of interest

Ms. Miller and Dr. Hogue have no conflicts of interest to report. Dr. Newport has received research support from NARSAD and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), as well as Eli Lilly, GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), Janssen, and Wyeth Corporations, and speaker’s honoraria from Astra-Zeneca Pharmaceuticals (AZP), Eli Lilly, GSK, and Pfizer Corporations. Ms. Knight has received research support from Bristol-Myers Squibb, Cyberonics, Eli Lilly, Forest, Janssen, Novartis, and Wyeth Corporations; she is not a member of corporate speakers’ panels or advisory boards. Dr. Stowe has received research support from, and consulted to GlaxoSmithKline, Pfizer, and Wyeth Corporations, and received speakers’ honoraria from the same companies plus from Eli Lilly and Forest Corporations. No coauthor or any family member holds equity positions in pharmaceutical or biomedical corporations.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela M. Miller
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carol J. Hogue
    • 1
  • Bettina T. Knight
    • 2
  • Zachary N. Stowe
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • D. Jeffrey Newport
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public HealthEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral SciencesEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Arkansas for Medical SciencesLittle RockUSA
  4. 4.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Arkansas for Medical SciencesLittle RockUSA
  5. 5.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Arkansas for Medical SciencesLittle RockUSA

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