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Archives of Women's Mental Health

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 21–30 | Cite as

Depression and anxiety in perinatal period: prevalence and risk factors in an Italian sample

  • L. GiardinelliEmail author
  • A. Innocenti
  • L. Benni
  • M. C. Stefanini
  • G. Lino
  • C. Lunardi
  • V. Svelto
  • S. Afshar
  • R. Bovani
  • G. Castellini
  • C. Faravelli
Original Article

Abstract

Accumulating evidence suggests that pregnancy does not protect women from mental illness. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, sociodemographic correlates, and the risks factors for perinatal depression and anxiety. Five hundred ninety women between 28th and the 32nd gestational weeks were recruited and submitted to a sociodemographic, obstetric, and psychological interview. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI-Y) were also administered in antenatal period and 3 months postnatally. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I) was used to diagnose mood and anxiety disorders. Three months after delivery, EPDS was administered by telephone interview. Women with an EPDS score ≥10 were 129 in antenatal period (21.9%) and 78 in postnatal period (13.2%). During pregnancy 121 women (20.5%) were positive for STAI-Y state and 149 women (25.3%) for STAI-Y trait. The most important risk factors for antenatal depression are: foreign nationality, conflictual relationship with family and partner, and lifetime psychiatric disorders. The principal risk factors for postnatal depression are: psychiatric disorders during pregnancy and artificial reproductive techniques. Psychiatric disorders, during and preceding pregnancy, are the strongest risk factors for antenatal state and trait anxiety. Antenatal depressive and anxiety symptoms appear to be as common as postnatal symptoms. These results provide clinical direction suggesting that early identification and treatment of perinatal affective disorders is particularly relevant to avoid more serious consequences for mothers and child.

Keywords

Perinatal psychopathology Psychosocial screening Maternal Depression/anxiety 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Giardinelli
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Innocenti
    • 1
  • L. Benni
    • 1
  • M. C. Stefanini
    • 1
  • G. Lino
    • 2
  • C. Lunardi
    • 2
  • V. Svelto
    • 2
  • S. Afshar
    • 1
  • R. Bovani
    • 1
  • G. Castellini
    • 1
  • C. Faravelli
    • 3
  1. 1.Psychiatric Unit, Department of Neuropsychiatric SciencesFlorence University School of MedicineFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyFlorence University School of MedicineFlorenceItaly
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of FlorenceFlorenceItaly

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