Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder in Japanese high school students
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To determine the prevalence and the impact of premenstrual symptoms among Japanese adolescent girls, a total of 618 high school students were assessed. Of them, 64.6% were found to suffer from premenstrual symptoms, which is lower than that in adult women. On the other hand, the rates of prevalence of moderate to severe PMS and PMDD in girls were higher than those in adult women. Premenstrual symptoms could have significant consequences by interfering with the daily functioning of adolescent girls.
KeywordsPMS PMDD Japanese girls High school students
We thank Iwako Unno and Miho Hayasaka for their help with this study, and the women who participated.
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