Depressive and anxiety symptoms through late pregnancy and the first year post birth: an examination of prospective relationships
- 307 Downloads
One hundred and fifty-nine women were measured for depressive and anxiety symptoms from late pregnancy through to 12 months postpartum. Partial correlations revealed stability of depressive and anxiety symptoms across time. Depressive symptoms did not predict anxiety at any time point. Anxiety predicted increases in depressive symptoms from late pregnancy to early postpartum, but not from early postpartum to mid postpartum. Anxiety predicted depressive symptoms from mid postpartum to late postpartum, however, not when social support in late pregnancy was controlled for.
KeywordsAnxiety Depressive symptoms Pregnancy Postpartum Social support
- Beck AT, Rial WY, Rickels K (1974) Short form of depression inventory: cross-validation. Psychol Reports 34:1184–1186Google Scholar
- Clark DA (2004) Design considerations in prevention research. American Psychological Association, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
- Spielberger CD, Gorsuch RL, Lushene RE (1970) Test manual for the State-trait anxiety inventory. Consulting Psychologists, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
- Watson D, Kendall PC (1989) Understanding anxiety and depression: their relation to negative and positive affective states. In: Kendall PC, Watson D (eds) Anxiety and depression: distinctive and overlapping features. Academic, San Diego, pp 3–26Google Scholar