Prevalence and social correlates of postnatal depression in a low income country Original contribution First Online: 24 April 2006 Received: 18 August 2005 Accepted: 11 March 2006 DOI:
Cite this article as: Husain, N., Bevc, I., Husain, M. et al. Arch Womens Ment Health (2006) 9: 197. doi:10.1007/s00737-006-0129-9 Summary Background: Postnatal depression is an important public health problem worldwide. Recent evidence suggests that rates may be relatively higher in developing countries. We aimed to explore the prevalence of postnatal depression and its association with social support and other risk factors in a sample of Pakistani women. Methods: Population-based survey of 149 women at 12 weeks postnatal using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) and Personal Information Questionnaire (PIQ). Results: Thirty six percent women scored ≥12 on EPDS. High depression score was associated with lower social support, increased stressful life events in the preceding year and higher levels of psychological distress in the antenatal period. Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of postnatal depression in Pakistani women. Early interventions should be developed that target the antenatal period and strengthen social support networks in women at risk. Keywords: Postnatal depression; mental health; social support; Pakistan. References Appleby, L, Warner, RW, Whitton, AL, Faragher, B 1997 A controlled trial of fluoxetine and cognitive-behaviour counseling in the treatment of postnatal depression Br Med J 314 932 936 Google Scholar Beck, CT 2001 Predictors of postpartum depression: an update Nurs Res 50 275 285 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Cooper, PJ, Murray, L 1997 The impact of psychological treatments of postpartum depression on maternal mood and infant development Murray, L Cooper, PJ eds. Postpartum depression and child development Guildford Press London 201 220 Google Scholar Cooper, PJ, Tomlinson, M, Swartz, L, Woolgar, M, Murray, L, Molteno, C 1999 Post-partum depression and the mother-infant relationship in a South African peri-urban settlement Br J Psychiatry 175 554 558 PubMed Google Scholar Cox, J, Holden, L 1994Perinatal psychiatry: use and misuse of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale Gaskell London Google Scholar
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