Archives of Women’s Mental Health

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 37–47 | Cite as

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder and psychiatric co-morbidity

  • D. R. Kim
  • L. Gyulai
  • E. W. Freeman
  • M. F. Morrison
  • C. Baldassano
  • B. Dubé
Review Article

Summary

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) can occur co-morbidly with other axis I disorders, particularly mood and anxiety disorders. The data supporting this diagnostic dilemma are reviewed in terms of methodological comparisons between studies. The point prevalence of the co-occurrence of PMDD and other psychiatric disorders is discussed as well as implications for treatment and further study.

Keywords: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder; premenstrual syndrome; psychiatric co-morbidity; axis I co-morbidity. 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. R. Kim
    • 1
  • L. Gyulai
    • 1
  • E. W. Freeman
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. F. Morrison
    • 3
  • C. Baldassano
    • 1
  • B. Dubé
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryHospital of the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaU.S.A.
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyHospital of the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaU.S.A.
  3. 3.Merck & Co.West PointU.S.A.

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