Analysis of the genomic organization of the human cationic amino acid transporters CAT-1, CAT-2 and CAT-4
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By screening nucleotide databases, sequences containing the complete genes of the human cationic amino acid transporters (hCATs) 1, 2 and 4 were identified. Analysis of the genomic organization revealed that hCAT-2 consists of 12 translated exons and most likely of 2 untranslated exons. The splice variants hCAT-2A and hCAT-2B use exon 7 and 6, respectively. The hCAT-2 gene structure is closely related to the structure of hCAT-1, suggesting that they belong to a common gene family. hCAT-4 consists of only 4 translated exons and 3 short introns. Exons of identical size and highly homologous to exon 3 of hCAT-4 are present in hCAT-1 and hCAT-2.
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