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Amino Acids

, Volume 51, Issue 9, pp 1387–1395 | Cite as

Branched-chain amino acids do not improve muscle recovery from resistance exercise in untrained young adults

  • José Maria Estoche
  • Jeferson Lucas Jacinto
  • Mirela Casonato Roveratti
  • Juliano Moro Gabardo
  • Cosme Franklim Buzzachera
  • Erick Prado de Oliveira
  • Alex Silva Ribeiro
  • Rubens Alexandre da Silva
  • Andreo Fernando AguiarEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of BCAA supplementation on muscle recovery from resistance exercise (RE) in untrained young adults. Twenty-four young adults (24.0 ± 4.3 years old) were assigned to 1 of 2 groups (n = 12 per group): a placebo-supplement group or a BCAA-supplement group. The groups were supplemented for a period of 5 days. On day 1 and 3, both groups underwent a RE session involving two lower body exercises (hack squat and leg press) and then were evaluated for muscle recovery on the 3 subsequent moments after the RE session [30 min (day 3), 24 h (day 4), and 48 h (day 5)]. The following indicators of muscle recovery were assessed: number of repetitions, rating of perceived exertion in the last RE session, muscle soreness and countermovement jump (CMJ) during recovery period (30 min, 24 h, and 48 h after RE session). Number of repetitions remained unchanged over time (time, P > 0.05), while the rating of perceived exertion increased (time, P < 0.05) over 3 sets, with no difference between groups (group × time, P > 0.05). Muscle soreness increased (time, P < 0.05) and jumping weight decreased (time, P < 0.05) at 30 min post-exercise and then progressively returned to baseline at 24 and 48 h post-exercise, with no difference between groups (group × time, P > 0.05). The results indicate that BCAA supplementation does not improve muscle recovery from RE in untrained young adults.

Keywords

Supplementation Essential amino acids Muscle function Strength exercise Muscle soreness Muscle power 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We address special thanks to all the participants for their engagement in this study.

Funding

This study was funding by North University of Paraná (UNOPAR) (Grant number: 02.2016).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

This research involved human participants, who were carefully informed of the procedures, risks, and benefits of the investigation and signed an informed consent document approved by the research ethics committee of the University.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Maria Estoche
    • 1
  • Jeferson Lucas Jacinto
    • 1
  • Mirela Casonato Roveratti
    • 1
  • Juliano Moro Gabardo
    • 1
  • Cosme Franklim Buzzachera
    • 1
  • Erick Prado de Oliveira
    • 3
  • Alex Silva Ribeiro
    • 1
  • Rubens Alexandre da Silva
    • 1
    • 2
  • Andreo Fernando Aguiar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Center of Research in Health SciencesNorth University of Paraná (UNOPAR)LondrinaBrazil
  2. 2.Département des Sciences de la Santé, Programme de Physiothérapie de L’université McGill Offert em Extension à l’université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC) et Laboratoire de recherche BioNRQuébecCanada
  3. 3.School of MedicineFederal University of UberlandiaUberlândiaBrazil

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