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Amino Acids

, Volume 47, Issue 12, pp 2593–2600 | Cite as

Incremental effects of 28 days of beta-alanine supplementation on high-intensity cycling performance and blood lactate in masters female cyclists

  • J. M. GlennEmail author
  • M. Gray
  • R. Stewart
  • N. E. Moyen
  • S. A. Kavouras
  • R. DiBrezzo
  • R. Turner
  • J. Baum
Original Article

Abstract

Within the aging population, there exists a subset of individuals termed masters athletes (MA). As masters-level competition increases in popularity, MA must find methods to enhance individual athletic performance. Longitudinal beta-alanine (BA) supplementation is suggested to enhance physical capability during exercise; however, these effects have not been evaluated in MA. To examine the longitudinal effects of BA on time to exhaustion (TTE), total work completed (TWC), and lactate clearance in female MA cyclists. Twenty-two female MA (age = 53.3 ± 1.0) participated in this double-blind design. Subjects were randomly assigned to BA (n = 11; 800 mg BA + 8 g dextrose) or placebo (PLA; n = 11; 8 g dextrose) groups and supplemented 4 doses/day over 28 days. Every 7 days, subjects completed a cycling TTE at 120 % VO2max, and TWC was calculated. Blood lactate was measured at baseline, immediate post, and 20-min post each TTE. No significant differences existed between groups for any variable at baseline (p > 0.05). After 28 days supplementation, BA had greater TTE (23 vs 1 % change) and TWC (21 vs 2 % change) than PLA (p < 0.05). Following the 20-min TTE recovery, lactate was 24 % lower in BA compared to PLA (4.35 vs. 5.76 mmol/L, respectively). No differences existed for variables during intermittent weeks. 28 days of BA supplementation increased cycling performance via an enhanced time to exhaustion and total work completed with associated lactate clearance during passive rest in female MA.

Keywords

Ergogenic aid Exercise Women Sport nutrition Carnosine 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Powder City™ for donating the beta-alanine used for this investigation. We would also like to thank Carly Arnold, Landon Lavene, Mikaila Davis, Aaron Martinez, and Lauren Wethington for their help during the preparatory requirements and data collection processes.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare they have no conflicts of interest associated with this study.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Glenn
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Gray
    • 2
    • 3
  • R. Stewart
    • 2
    • 3
  • N. E. Moyen
    • 2
  • S. A. Kavouras
    • 2
  • R. DiBrezzo
    • 4
  • R. Turner
    • 5
  • J. Baum
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of KinesiologyLouisiana Tech UniversityRustonUSA
  2. 2.Human Performance LaboratoryUniversity of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA
  3. 3.Office for Studies on AgingUniversity of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA
  4. 4.Academic Affairs OfficeUniversity of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA
  5. 5.Psychometric and Educational Evaluation Research OfficeUniversity of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA
  6. 6.Department of Food ScienceUniversity of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA

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