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Amino Acids

, Volume 46, Issue 5, pp 1385–1392 | Cite as

Caffeine-containing energy drink improves physical performance in female soccer players

  • Beatriz Lara
  • Cristina Gonzalez-Millán
  • Juan Jose Salinero
  • Javier Abian-Vicen
  • Francisco Areces
  • Jose Carlos Barbero-Alvarez
  • Víctor Muñoz
  • Luis Javier Portillo
  • Jose Maria Gonzalez-Rave
  • Juan Del Coso
Original Article

Abstract

There is little information about the effects of caffeine intake on female team-sport performance. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a caffeine-containing energy drink to improve physical performance in female soccer players during a simulated game. A double-blind, placebo controlled and randomized experimental design was used in this investigation. In two different sessions, 18 women soccer players ingested 3 mg of caffeine/kg in the form of an energy drink or an identical drink with no caffeine content (placebo). After 60 min, they performed a countermovement jump (CMJ) and a 7 × 30 m sprint test followed by a simulated soccer match (2 × 40 min). Individual running distance and speed were measured using GPS devices. In comparison to the placebo drink, the ingestion of the caffeinated energy drink increased the CMJ height (26.6 ± 4.0 vs 27.4 ± 3.8 cm; P < 0.05) and the average peak running speed during the sprint test (24.2 ± 1.6 vs 24.5 ± 1.7 km/h; P < 0.05). During the simulated match, the energy drink increased the total running distance (6,631 ± 1,618 vs 7,087 ± 1,501 m; P < 0.05), the number of sprints bouts (16 ± 9 vs 21 ± 13; P < 0.05) and the running distance covered at >18 km/h (161 ± 99 vs 216 ± 103 m; P < 0.05). The ingestion of the energy drink did not affect the prevalence of negative side effects after the game. An energy drink with a dose equivalent to 3 mg of caffeine/kg might be an effective ergogenic aid to improve physical performance in female soccer players.

Keywords

Caffeine Women Performance Exercise Doping Sprint 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank the subjects for their invaluable contribution to the study. We also want to thank to Blanca Crespo for helping us to recruit volunteers for this study. The study was supported by a grant from Camilo Jose Cela University.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beatriz Lara
    • 1
  • Cristina Gonzalez-Millán
    • 1
  • Juan Jose Salinero
    • 1
  • Javier Abian-Vicen
    • 1
  • Francisco Areces
    • 1
  • Jose Carlos Barbero-Alvarez
    • 2
  • Víctor Muñoz
    • 3
  • Luis Javier Portillo
    • 4
  • Jose Maria Gonzalez-Rave
    • 4
  • Juan Del Coso
    • 1
  1. 1.Exercise Physiology LaboratoryCamilo José Cela UniversityMadridSpain
  2. 2.University of GranadaMelillaSpain
  3. 3.Performance and Sport Rehabilitation LaboratoryUniversity of Castilla-La ManchaToledoSpain
  4. 4.Exercise Training LaboratoryUniversity of Castilla-La ManchaToledoSpain

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