Amino Acids

, Volume 46, Issue 5, pp 1333–1341 | Cite as

A caffeinated energy drink improves jump performance in adolescent basketball players

  • Javier Abian-Vicen
  • Carlos Puente
  • Juan José Salinero
  • Cristina González-Millán
  • Francisco Areces
  • Gloria Muñoz
  • Jesús Muñoz-Guerra
  • Juan Del Coso
Original Article


This study aimed at investigating the effects of a commercially available energy drink on shooting precision, jump performance and endurance capacity in young basketball players. Sixteen young basketball players (first division of a junior national league; 14.9 ± 0.8 years; 73.4 ± 12.4 kg; 182.3 ± 6.5 cm) volunteered to participate in the research. They ingested either (a) an energy drink that contained 3 mg of caffeine per kg of body weight or (b) a placebo energy drink with the same appearance and taste. After 60 min for caffeine absorption, they performed free throw shooting and three-point shooting tests. After that, participants performed a maximal countermovement jump (CMJ), a repeated maximal jumps test for 15 s (RJ-15), and the Yo–Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (Yo–Yo IR1). Urine samples were obtained before and 30 min after testing. In comparison to the placebo, the ingestion of the caffeinated energy drink did not affect precision during the free throws (Caffeine = 70.7 ± 11.8 % vs placebo = 70.3 ± 11.0 %; P = 0.45), the three-point shooting test (39.9 ± 11.8 vs 38.1 ± 12.8 %; P = 0.33) or the distance covered in the Yo–Yo IR1 (2,000 ± 706 vs 1,925 ± 702 m; P = 0.19). However, the energy drink significantly increased jump height during the CMJ (38.3 ± 4.4 vs 37.5 ± 4.4 cm; P < 0.05) mean jump height during the RJ-15 (30.2 ± 3.6 vs 28.8 ± 3.4 cm; P < 0.05) and the excretion of urinary caffeine (1.2 ± 0.7 vs 0.1 ± 0.1 μg/mL; P < 0.05). The intake of a caffeine-containing energy drink (3 mg/kg body weight) increased jump performance although it did not affect basketball shooting precision.


Ergogenic aids Caffeine Basketball Jump performance Free throw Technique 



The authors wish to thank the participants for their contribution to the study. Additionally, they thank the Fuenlabrada Basketball SAD for its invaluable help for the purposes of this investigation. This study did not receive any funding.

Conflict of interest

All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest derived from the outcomes of this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Javier Abian-Vicen
    • 1
  • Carlos Puente
    • 2
  • Juan José Salinero
    • 1
  • Cristina González-Millán
    • 1
  • Francisco Areces
    • 1
  • Gloria Muñoz
    • 3
  • Jesús Muñoz-Guerra
    • 3
  • Juan Del Coso
    • 1
  1. 1.Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Sport Science InstituteCamilo José Cela UniversityMadridSpain
  2. 2.Exercise Training LaboratoryUniversity of Castilla-La ManchaToledoSpain
  3. 3.Spanish Anti-doping Agency, Doping Control LaboratoryMadridSpain

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