Applied Magnetic Resonance

, Volume 50, Issue 9, pp 1049–1058 | Cite as

Occurrence of Mixed Phase in \(\text {Bi}_{0.5}\text {Sr}_{0.5}\text {Mn}_{0.9}\text {Cr}_{0.1}\text {O}_3\) Bulk Sample: Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Magnetization Studies

  • K. S. BhagyashreeEmail author
  • Lora Rita Goveas
  • S. V. Bhat
Original Paper


We study the effects of 10% Cr substitution in Mn sites of Bi\(_{0.5}\)Sr\(_{0.5}\)MnO\(_3\) on the antiferromagnetic (AFM) (\(T_{\text {N}} \sim \) 110 K) transition using structural, magnetic and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) techniques. Field cooled (FC) and zero field cooled (ZFC) magnetization measurements done from 400 K down to 4 K show that the compound is in the paramagnetic (PM) phase till 50 K where it undergoes a transition to a short-range ferromagnetic phase (FM). Electron paramagnetic resonance measurements performed in the temperature range of 300 K to 80 K conform with the magnetization measurements as symmetric signals are observed owing to the paramagnetic phase. Below 80 K, signals become asymmetric. Electron paramagnetic resonance intensity peaks at \(\sim \) 110 K, the decreasing intensity below this temperature confirming the presence of antiferromagnetism. We conclude that below 50 K the magnetization and EPR results are consistent with a cluster glass phase of BSMCO, where ferromagnetic clusters coexist with an antiferromagnetic background.



SVB thanks the National Academy of Sciences, India for the award of a Senior Scientist Platinum Jubilee Fellowship.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. S. Bhagyashree
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lora Rita Goveas
    • 2
  • S. V. Bhat
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.St. Joseph’s College (Autonomous)BangaloreIndia

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