Applied Magnetic Resonance

, Volume 49, Issue 8, pp 783–801 | Cite as

Development of Very-Low-Temperature Millimeter-Wave Electron-Spin-Resonance Measurement System

  • Y. Fujii
  • Y. Ishikawa
  • K. Ohya
  • S. Miura
  • Y. Koizumi
  • A. Fukuda
  • T. Omija
  • S. Mitsudo
  • T. Mizusaki
  • A. Matsubara
  • H. Yamamori
  • T. Komori
  • K. Morimoto
  • H. Kikuchi
Original Article


We report the development of a millimeter-wave electron-spin-resonance (ESR) measurement system at the University of Fukui using a 3He/4He dilution refrigerator to reach temperatures below 1 K. The system operates in the frequency range of 125–130 GHz, with a homodyne detection. A nuclear-magnetic-resonance (NMR) measurement system was also developed in this system as the extension for millimeter-wave ESR/NMR double magnetic-resonance (DoMR) experiments. Several types of Fabry–Pérot-type resonators (FPR) have been developed: A piezo actuator attached to an FPR enables an electric tuning of cavity frequency. A flat mirror of an FPR has been fabricated using a gold thin film aiming for DoMR. ESR signal was measured down to 0.09 K. Results of ESR measurements of an organic radical crystal and phosphorous-doped silicon are presented. The NMR signal from 1H contained in the resonator is also detected successfully as a test for DoMR.



We are very grateful to Dr. S. Vasiliev for his large efforts on the construction of the ESR system in the DR and his useful advice on the measurements. We appreciate the support of Prof. Soonchil Lee (Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) for providing the Si:P sample. We thank Prof. S. Yonezawa, Prof. Y. Hasegawa, and Dr. Y. Arata (Headquarters for Innovative Society–Academia Cooperation, University of Fukui) for their support on the use of the fluorescent X-ray measurement system, and KIYOKAWA Plating Industry Co., Ltd., for providing us with a standard gold thin film for the fluorescent X-ray measurements. This study is partly supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers 17K05514 and 26400331, and Cooperative Research Program of the Research Center for Development of Far-Infrared Region, University of Fukui (No. H27FIRDM011E, H28FIRDM024A, and H29FIRDM015B).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Fujii
    • 1
  • Y. Ishikawa
    • 2
  • K. Ohya
    • 1
    • 6
  • S. Miura
    • 2
    • 7
  • Y. Koizumi
    • 1
  • A. Fukuda
    • 3
  • T. Omija
    • 1
  • S. Mitsudo
    • 1
  • T. Mizusaki
    • 1
  • A. Matsubara
    • 4
  • H. Yamamori
    • 5
  • T. Komori
    • 2
  • K. Morimoto
    • 2
    • 8
  • H. Kikuchi
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Center for Development of Far-Infrared Region, University of FukuiFukuiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Applied Physics, Graduate School of EngineeringUniversity of FukuiFukuiJapan
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsHyogo College of MedicineNishinomiyaJapan
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  5. 5.Technical Division, School of EngineeringUniversity of FukuiFukuiJapan
  6. 6.KYOCERA CorporationKyotoJapan
  7. 7.Furukawa Electric Co., LtdTokyoJapan
  8. 8.Nidec CorporationKyotoJapan

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