Spin-label W-band EPR with Seven-Loop–Six-Gap Resonator: Application to Lens Membranes Derived from Eyes of a Single Donor
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Spin-label W-band (94 GHz) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) with a five-loop–four-gap resonator (LGR) was successfully applied to study membrane properties (Mainali et al. J Magn Reson 226:35–44, 2013). In that study, samples were equilibrated with the selected gas mixture outside the resonator in a sample volume ~100 times larger than the sensitive volume of the LGR and transferred to the resonator in a quartz capillary. A seven-loop–six-gap W-band resonator has been developed. This resonator permits measurements on aqueous samples of 150 nL volume positioned in a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) gas permeable sample tube. Samples can be promptly deoxygenated or equilibrated with an air/nitrogen mixture inside the resonator, which is significant in saturation-recovery measurements and in spin-label oximetry. This approach was tested for lens lipid membranes derived from lipids extracted from two porcine lenses (single donor). Profiles of membrane fluidity and the oxygen transport parameter were obtained from saturation-recovery EPR using phospholipid analog spin-labels. Cholesterol analog spin-labels allowed discrimination of the cholesterol bilayer domain and acquisition of oxygen transport parameter profiles across this domain. Results were compared with those obtained previously for membranes derived from a pool of 100 lenses. Results demonstrate that EPR at W-band can be successfully used to study aqueous biological samples of small volume under controlled oxygen concentration.
KeywordsElectron Paramagnetic Resonance Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectrum Single Donor Lattice Relaxation Time Nitroxide Moiety
This work was supported by grants EY015526, EY001931, EB002052, and EB001980 from the National Institutes of Health.
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