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Murashkoite, FeP, a new terrestrial phosphide from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Formation, South Levant

  • Sergey N. BritvinEmail author
  • Yevgeny Vapnik
  • Yury S. Polekhovsky
  • Sergey V. Krivovichev
  • Maria G. Krzhizhanovskaya
  • Liudmila A. Gorelova
  • Oleg S. Vereshchagin
  • Vladimir V. Shilovskikh
  • Anatoly N. Zaitsev
Original Paper
  • 47 Downloads

Abstract

Murashkoite, FeP, is a new mineral found in pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Formation, South Levant. It is a typical accessory phase in the marbles and paralavas in the southern Negev Desert, Israel and on the Transjordan Plateau, Jordan. Murashkoite occurs as grains and aggregates up to 2 mm closely associated with barringerite, (Fe,Ni)2P, and zuktamrurite, FeP2. The rock-forming minerals include pyroxenes of the diopside-hedenbergite series, anorthite with subordinate gehlenite, tridymite, cristobalite, pyrrhotite, fluorapatite, chromite, magnetite, hematite, merrillite and late hydrothermal carbonates, silicates and sulfates. Macroscopically, murashkoite is yellowish-grey in colour and has a metallic lustre. In reflected light, the mineral is white with a beige tint and it is non-pleochroic. The anisotropy is distinct, from yellow-grey to greyish-blue. Selected reflectance values [RmaxRmin, % (λ, nm)] are: 42.7–40.8 (400), 42.0–40.6 (500), 44.5–43.4 (600), 48.0–47.7 (700). It is brittle. VHN20 = 468 kg mm−2. The holotype material has the chemical composition (electron microprobe): Fe 63.82; Ni 0.88; P 35.56; total 100.26 wt.%. The empirical formula calculated on the basis of 2 apfu is (Fe0.99Ni0.01)1.00P1.00 corresponding to FeP. Murashkoite is orthorhombic, space group Pnma, unit cell parameters refined from the single-crystal data are: a 5.099(2), b 3.251(2), c 5.695(2) Å, V 94.41(8) Å3, Z = 4, Dx = 6.108(5) g cm−3. The crystal structure was solved and refined to R1 = 0.0305 on the basis of 131 unique reflections with I > 2σ(I). The strongest lines of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern [(d, Å) (I, %) (hkl)]: 2.831(75)(002,011); 2.548(22)(200); 2.477(46)(102,111); 1.975(47)(112); 1.895(100)(202,211); 1.779(19)(103); 1.632(45)(013,301,020). The mineral is named in honour of Dr. Mikhail Nikolaevich Murashko (born 1952), for his contributions to the mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation. Murashkoite is a natural counterpart of synthetic FeP, the compound widely used in heterogeneous catalysis and electrocatalysis.

Keywords

Iron phosphide FeP New mineral MnP structure type, murashkoite, barringerite Fe-Ni-P system Pyrometamorphism Meteorite Coal piles Phosphorylation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (grant 18-17-00079). The authors thank the Resource Center of X-ray diffraction studies and “Geomodel” Resource Centre of Saint-Petersburg State University for providing instrumental and computational resources. The authors gratefully acknowledge Dr. Chris Stanley and Dr. Evgeny Galuskin for the helpful comments and discussion of the manuscript.

Supplementary material

710_2018_647_MOESM1_ESM.cif (58 kb)
ESM 1 (CIF 57 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergey N. Britvin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yevgeny Vapnik
    • 3
  • Yury S. Polekhovsky
    • 1
  • Sergey V. Krivovichev
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maria G. Krzhizhanovskaya
    • 1
  • Liudmila A. Gorelova
    • 1
  • Oleg S. Vereshchagin
    • 1
  • Vladimir V. Shilovskikh
    • 4
  • Anatoly N. Zaitsev
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Earth SciencesSaint Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Nanomaterials Research CenterKola Science Center of Russian Academy of SciencesApatityRussia
  3. 3.Department of Geological and Environmental SciencesBen-Gurion University of the NegevBeer-ShevaIsrael
  4. 4.Geomodel Resource CenterSaint Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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