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Magmatic and tectonic setting of the Permian Au mineralization in the Xing-Meng Orogenic Belt: constraints from the U–Pb ages, Hf–O isotopes and geochemistry of granitic intrusions in the Bilihe and Hadamiao gold deposits

  • Yongbin Wang
  • Qingdong Zeng
  • Lixiang Guo
  • Yunpeng Guo
Original Paper
  • 81 Downloads

Abstract

The Xing-Meng Orogenic Belt (XMOB) hosts significant Au-dominant polymetallic mineral deposits. Although these deposits mostly formed in the Mesozoic, Permian Au deposits are also present but less well studied. In the Bilihe and Hadamiao gold mining areas, granitic intrusions that are associated with gold mineralization were dated by LA–ICP–MS at 272.7–259.7 Ma. These intrusions consist of granodioritic porphyry and quartz diorite that both represent calc-alkaline metaluminous I-type granites. These granitoids exhibit enrichment in LREEs and LILEs, depletion in HREEs and HFSEs, and low Sr/Y ratios, suggesting that these rocks have an island-arc affinity. The εHf(t) values of the Bilihe granodioritic porphyry and Hadamiao quartz diorite range from −0.3 to +8.9, with TDM2 values ranging from 0.7 to 1.3 Ga, and from +2.5 to +13.5, with TDM2 values ranging from 0.4 to 1.1 Ga, respectively. The zircon δ18O values of the granitic porphyry and quartz diorite range from 6.9 to 7.6‰ and from 5.0 to 6.4‰, respectively. A simple binary Hf–O isotope mixing model shows that the assimilation of 10–15% sediments by MORB could have generated the Bilihe granodioritic porphyry, and that the assimilation of less than 5% sediments by MORB could have generated the Hadamiao quartz diorite. Combined with previous studies of the Late Carboniferous to Permian igneous rocks in the southern region of the XMOB, these new data suggest that the Bilihe and Hadamiao ore-related intrusive rocks formed in a continental-arc setting associated with the subduction of the Paleo-Asian oceanic slab. This setting indicates the potential existence of subduction-related gold deposits that are related to contemporaneous igneous activity.

Keywords

Permian Au mineralization Zircon U–Pb dating Hf–O isotopes Xing-Meng Orogenic Belt 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41390443), the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFC0601306) and the CSC-sponsored Scholarship Program for Visiting Scholars (Grant No. 201604910054). We are grateful to Yueheng Yang for his help during the LA–ICP–MS analysis and Xianhua Li for his help during the in situ oxygen isotope analysis. Thanks are given to Dr. Thomas Ulrich at Aarhus University for polishing the language and providing constructive comments. We thank the technicians and leaders of the Cexi Gold Mining Corporation, Inner Mongolia, for their support during fieldwork. The authors would like to thank the Dr. Maarten A.T.M. BROEKMANS and two anonymous reviewers, who greatly improved the discussion section of this paper.

Supplementary material

710_2018_638_MOESM1_ESM.docx (24 kb)
Supplementary Table 1 (DOCX 23 kb)
710_2018_638_MOESM2_ESM.docx (32 kb)
Supplementary Table 2 (DOCX 32 kb)
710_2018_638_MOESM3_ESM.docx (21 kb)
Supplementary Table 3 (DOCX 20 kb)

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources, Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institutions of Earth ScienceChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.College of Earth ScienceUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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