Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 113, Issue 1, pp 61–76 | Cite as

Geochronology, petrogenesis and tectonic implications of the porphyritic granodiorite related to the Cu mineralization in the Dengjitun ore district, Inner Mongolia

  • Yongjian Kang
  • Zhaoqiang Wang
  • Hongquan She
  • Zuoheng Zhang
  • Yong Lai
  • Jinwen Li
  • Anping XiangEmail author
Original Paper


The Dengjitun Cu deposit, located in the central Xing’an Block, represents a key target for medium- to large-sized porphyry Cu deposit exploration. The mineralization in this area is closely associated with silicification and propylitic alteration and occurs in a distinctive sequence of quartz-bearing veinlets as well as in a disseminated form within an altered porphyritic granodiorite. In this paper, we present new precise laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA–ICP–MS) U–Pb zircon age data, geochemical data and Hf isotopic data on the porphyritic granodiorite at Dengjitun and use these data to improve our understanding of the Jurassic tectonic evolution of this region. Zircon U–Pb dating of two samples from the porphyritic granodiorite yield Early Jurassic ages of 174.2 ± 1.1 Ma and 173.9 ± 1.1 Ma, which are concordant within error. The Dengjitun porphyritic granodiorite is a high-K calc-alkaline and slightly peraluminous I-type granite. It is enriched in light rare earth elements (LREEs) and large ion lithophile elements (LILEs; e.g., K, Rb, and Ba), depleted in heavy rare earth elements (HREEs; LREE/HREE = 6.43–13.34) and high field strength elements (HFSE; e.g., Nb, Ti, P), and has weak positive Ce anomalies (δCe = 1.15–1.25) and negligible Eu anomalies (δEu = 0.85–0.99). The zircons from the porphyritic granodiorite have positive εHf(t) values (+ 8.7 to +11.7) and elevated 176Hf/177Hf ratios (0.282912–0.283000) that yield young TDM2 ages (428–602 Ma). Collectively, these data indicate that the porphyritic granodiorite formed from primitive magma that was generated by the partial melting of juvenile thickened mafic lower crust, which in turn was originally derived from depleted mantle during the Neoproterozoic. The thickened lower crustal material was metamorphosed under amphibolite- to eclogite-facies conditions at depths of >45 km during the subduction of the Mongol–Okhotsk Ocean, with the resulting magmas assimilating some mantle-derived material prior to emplacement. Combining these data with the tectonic history of this area, we suggest that the Dengjitun porphyritic granodiorite formed in a post-collisional extensional tectonic setting after the Early Jurassic final closure of the Mongol–Okhotsk Ocean.


U–Pb dating Geochemistry Tectonic setting Dengjitun Inner Mongolia Porphyry copper deposit 



This work was jointly supported by National Basic Research (No. 2013CB429803) and Geological Survey (Nos. DD20160214 and 1212011120992) program grants. We thank the staff of the Key Laboratory of the Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, China, for advice and assistance during the U–Pb dating study. We also thank the staff of the State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources of the China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China, for advice during the Hf isotope analysis. We are grateful to Dr. Yinhong Wang and Dr. Aberra Mogessie for their critical comments and suggestions, which helped us to improve this paper greatly. We are also grateful to Associate Editor Dr. Christoph Hauzenberger and Editor-in-Chief Dr. Maarten A.T.M. Broekmans for their guidance to final acceptance.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary Table 1 (DOCX 38 kb)
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yongjian Kang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhaoqiang Wang
    • 3
  • Hongquan She
    • 1
  • Zuoheng Zhang
    • 4
  • Yong Lai
    • 2
  • Jinwen Li
    • 1
  • Anping Xiang
    • 5
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Mineral ResourcesChinese Academy of Geological SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Earth and Space SciencesPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Yantai Gold CollegeShandongChina
  4. 4.China Geological SurveyBeijingChina
  5. 5.Chengdu Institute of Geology and Mineral ResourceChengduChina
  6. 6.China University of GeosciencesWuhanChina

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