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Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 112, Issue 4, pp 437–463 | Cite as

Zircon and cassiterite U-Pb ages, petrogeochemistry and metallogenesis of Sn deposits in the Sibao area, northern Guangxi: constraints on the neoproterozoic granitic magmatism and related Sn mineralization in the western Jiangnan Orogen, South China

  • Lei ChenEmail author
  • Zongqi Wang
  • Zhen Yan
  • Jianghua Gong
  • Shouxian Ma
Original Paper
  • 396 Downloads

Abstract

A number of Sn deposits associated with Neoproterozoic granites are located in the western Jiangnan Orogen of northern Guangxi. The distribution of Sn mineralization is controlled by faults occurring within and around the Neoproterozoic granites. The hydrothermal alteration and mineralization of these Sn deposits exhibit zoning from the granite to the wall rock. The laser ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) U-Pb ages of the cassiterite and zircon from ore-bearing granite in the Menggongshan Sn deposit are 829 ± 19 Ma and 822 ± 4 Ma, respectively, indicating that the Sn mineralization and granites formed in the Neoproterozoic and can considered to be products of coeval magmatic and hydrothermal activities. The ore-bearing granite and Neoproterozoic granites in northern Guangxi are high-K, calc-alkaline, peraluminous, S-type granites that are depleted in Nb, Ti, Sr and Ba and highly enriched in Rb, U and Pb. All the granites show steep fractionated light rare earth element (LREE) and flat heavy rare earth element (HREE) patterns, with strongly negative Eu anomalies. The εHf(t) values of the ore-bearing granite vary from − 9.0 to − 1.7, with an average value of − 4.1. Additionally, the ore-bearing granite exhibits low oxygen fugacity values. The magmatic source experienced partial melting during their evolution, and the source was dominated by recycled heterogeneous continental crustal materials. Our evidence confirms that the Neoproterozoic granites in northern Guangxi formed in a collisional tectonic setting. The collision between the Cathaysia and Yangtze blocks or between the Sibao arc (Jiangnan arc) and the Yangtze Block caused asthenospheric upwelling, leading to partial melting and recycling of the crust, forming the peraluminous S-type granites in the Neoproterozoic. The Sn mineralization has a close genetic relationship with the Neoproterozoic granite. The highly differentiated, peraluminous, B-enriched, crustally derived Neoproterozoic granites provided the heat source and ore-forming material for the Sn mineralization. Furthermore, the low oxygen fugacity of these Neoproterozoic granites also favoured the Sn mineralization.

Keywords

U-Pb dating Geochemistry Sn mineralization Neoproterozoic granitoid Northern Guangxi 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Song Li and Tianfang Ma (National Research Center for Geoanalysis) for their kind assistance in geochemical analyses, Jianzheng Geng (Tianjing Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources) for cassiterite LA–ICP–MS U–Pb dating, Zhaochu Hu (State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan) for zircon LA–ICP–MS U–Pb dating, and Pan Sun (State Key Laboratory for Mineral Deposits Research, Nanjing University) for assistance with zircon LA–MC–ICP–MS Lu–Hf isotope analyses. We thank Leonid Neymark and an anonymous expert for constructive reviews, and Associate Editor Andreas Möller and Editor-in-Chief Lutz Nasdala, for helpful comments on the manuscript. This work was financially supported by the Major State Research Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFC0600202), National Science Foundation of China (Grants 41202056) and the China Geological Survey Bureau (Grant No.: DD20160124).

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MLR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral ResourcesChinese Academy of Geological SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of GeologyChinese Academy of Geological SciencesBeijingChina

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