Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 110, Issue 5, pp 581–599 | Cite as

Fluid-mediated alteration of (Y,REE,U,Th)–(Nb,Ta,Ti) oxide minerals in granitic pegmatite from the Evje-Iveland district, southern Norway

  • Charley J. Duran
  • Anne-Magali Seydoux-Guillaume
  • Bernard Bingen
  • Sophie Gouy
  • Philippe de Parseval
  • Jannick Ingrin
  • Damien Guillaume
Original Paper


We document the textural relations and chemical composition of (Y,REE,U,Th)–(Nb,Ta,Ti) oxide minerals in a granitic pegmatite from the Evje-Iveland district, southern Norway, using a combination of scanning and transmission electron microscopy, electron probe micro-analysis and infrared absorption spectroscopy. The (Y,REE,U,Th)–(Nb,Ta,Ti) oxide mineral is euxenite, which is strongly radiation damaged and surrounded by radial fractures. Within euxenite grains, three domains of distinct composition comprising unaltered, intermediate and altered euxenite, have been identified. In most cases pyrochlore occurs as corroded grain boundaries around euxenite and within relict fractures. Intermediate and altered euxenite are depleted in U, Pb, Ti, Nb, and Y, but enriched in Si and Ca relative to unaltered euxenite. Pyrochlore is also enriched in Fe, Pb, Zr and LREE relative to all euxenite phases. Altered domains of euxenite have deficient analytical totals and contain O-H. These domains are metamict and contain nanopores and nanodomains enriched in U and Ca. We suggest that as radiation damage accumulated in euxenite, radial fractures developed around the euxenite grains, thus allowing fluid infiltration. In the presence of fluid, euxenite was replaced by secondary euxenite then pyrochlore, owing to dissolution-precipitation and diffusion reactions. During alteration, U and the strategic metals Nb, Ti, and REE were mobilized at both the nanoscale and the scale of the pegmatite.


Galena Oxide Mineral Radial Fracture Granitic Pegmatite Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank L. Datas (Raimond Castaing Center, Toulouse), C. Dominici (CP2M, Marseille) and T. Aigouy (GET, Toulouse) for their technical assistance with TEM, FIB, and SEM, respectively. Collaborations were promoted thanks to PHC Aurora (Ministry of Foreign affairs of France and the Research Council of Norway) and funding from Observatoire Midi Pyrenees (visiting fellowship for B. Bingen). The NEEDS French Research Group is thanked for financial support. Prof. E.W. Sawyer (UQAC, Chicoutimi) is warmly thanked for his informal review of this manuscript. An anonymous reviewer and M. Van Lichtervelde are gratefully acknowledged for their thorough revision and insightful comments that improved our manuscript. Finally, Prof. J.G. Raith is thanked for his careful editorial handling.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charley J. Duran
    • 1
  • Anne-Magali Seydoux-Guillaume
    • 2
    • 5
  • Bernard Bingen
    • 3
  • Sophie Gouy
    • 2
  • Philippe de Parseval
    • 2
  • Jannick Ingrin
    • 4
  • Damien Guillaume
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Sciences de la TerreUniversité du Québec À ChicoutimiChicoutimiCanada
  2. 2.GET, UMR 5563 CNRSUniversité Paul SabatierToulouseFrance
  3. 3.Geological Survey of NorwayTrondheimNorway
  4. 4.UMET, UMR 8207 CNRSUniversité de Lille1Villeneuve d’AscqFrance
  5. 5.LMV, UMR 6524 CNRS-UBP-UJM-IRDFaculté des Sciences et TechniquesSaint ÉtienneFrance

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