Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 109, Issue 4, pp 397–404 | Cite as

Calcinaksite, KNaCa(Si4O10) H2O, a new mineral from the Eifel volcanic area, Germany

  • Nikita V. Chukanov
  • Sergey M. Aksenov
  • Ramiza K. Rastsvetaeva
  • Günter Blass
  • Dmitry A. Varlamov
  • Igor V. Pekov
  • Dmitry I. Belakovskiy
  • Vladislav V. Gurzhiy
Original Paper


The new mineral calcinaksite, ideally KNaCa(Si4O10) · H2O, the first hydrous and Ca-dominant member of the litidionite group, is found in a xenolith of metamorphosed carbonate-rich rock from the southern lava flow of the Bellerberg volcano, Eastern Eifel region, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany. It is associated with wollastonite, gehlenite, brownmillerite, Ca2SiO4 (larnite or calcio-olivine), quartz, aragonite, calcite, jennite, tobermorite and ettringite. Calcinaksite occurs as clusters of colourless to light-grey subhedral prismatic crystals. The mineral is brittle, with Mohs’ hardness of 5; Dmeas is 2.62(2) g/cm3 and Dcalc is 2.623 g/cm3. The IR spectrum shows the presence of H2O molecules forming three different H-bonds. Calcinaksite is optically biaxial (+), α = 1.542(2), β = 1.550(2), γ = 1.565(3), 2V meas = 75(10). The chemical composition (electron-microprobe data, H2O determined by the Alimarin method, wt%) is: Na2O 6.69, K2O 12.01, CaO 15.04, FeO 0.59, SiO2 61.46, H2O 4.9, total 100.69. The empirical formula is H2.11 K0.99Na0.84Ca1.04Fe0.03Si3.98O11. The crystal structure was solved and refined to R 1 = 0.053, wR 2 = 0.075 based upon 3057 reflections having I > 3σ(I). Calcinaksite is triclinic, space group P \( \overline{1} \) , a = 7.021(2), b = 8.250(3), c = 10.145(2) Å. α = 102.23(2)°, β = 100.34(2)°, γ = 115.09(3)°, V = 495.4(3) Å3, Z = 2. The strongest reflections of the X-ray powder pattern [d, Å (I,%) (hkl)] are: 3.431 (70) (−121, −211, −210, 012, 0–22), 3.300 (67) (−031), 3.173 (95) (−103, −201, −220, 003, 111), 3.060 (100) (−212, 2–11, −221, 200, −1-13, 021, −202), 2.851 (83) (0–23, −122, 1–13, 1–31), 2.664 (62) (1–23, −222, 201).


Aragonite Wollastonite Ettringite Tobermorite Gehlenite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We are grateful to Svetlana A. Vozchikova for assistance in the measurement of density of calcinaksite and to Larisa A. Korshunova for the determination of H2O. We are also grateful to Lutz Nasdala, Andreas Ertl, Johann Raith and an anonymous referee for reviewing the paper. This study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grants nos. 14-05-00190-a and 14-05-31150 mol_a) and grant No MK-4990.2014.5 of the Foundation of the President of the Russian Federation. Technical support by the SPbSU X-Ray Diffraction Resource Center is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikita V. Chukanov
    • 1
  • Sergey M. Aksenov
    • 2
  • Ramiza K. Rastsvetaeva
    • 2
  • Günter Blass
    • 3
  • Dmitry A. Varlamov
    • 4
  • Igor V. Pekov
    • 5
  • Dmitry I. Belakovskiy
    • 6
  • Vladislav V. Gurzhiy
    • 7
  1. 1.Institute of Problems of Chemical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovkaRussia
  2. 2.Institute of CrystallographyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.EschweilerGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Experimental MineralogyRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovkaRussia
  5. 5.Faculty of GeologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  6. 6.Fersman Mineralogical Museum of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  7. 7.Faculty of GeologySt Petersburg State UniversitySt PetersburgRussia

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