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Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 108, Issue 3, pp 391–417 | Cite as

Devonian F-rich peraluminous A-type magmatism in the proto-Andean foreland (Sierras Pampeanas, Argentina): geochemical constraints and petrogenesis from the western-central region of the Achala batholith

  • Juan A. DahlquistEmail author
  • Pablo H. Alasino
  • Carina Bello
Original Paper

Abstract

A new LA-ICP-MS crystallization age of 370 ± 8 Ma is presented for monzogranite from the Achala batholith, the largest Devonian igneous body in the Sierras Pampeanas, confirming previous U-Pb zircon ages and indicating emplacement within a relatively short episode. Granitic rocks from the central area of the batholith display restricted high SiO2 contents (69.8–74.5 wt.%). Major element plots show ferroan and alkaline-calcic to calc-alkaline compositions with an A-type signature. High concentrations of the high field-strength elements such as Y, Nb, Ga, Ta, U, Th, and flat REE patterns with significant negative Eu anomalies, are also typical of A-type granites. The aluminium saturation index (1.10–1.37) indicates aluminous parent magmas which are further characterised by high FeO/MgO ratios (2.6–3.3) and F contents of igneous biotites (0.9–1.5 wt%), as well as relatively high AlIV (2.39–2.58 a.p.f.u.) in biotites and the occurrence of primary muscovite. Petrogenetic modelling supports a source enriched in plagioclase and progressive fractional crystallization of feldspar. The central area of the batholith displays small-scale bodies composed predominantly of biotite (80 %), muscovite (10 %) and apatite (10 %), yielding rock compositions with 2.3–5.4 wt. % P2O5, and 6–7 wt.% F, together with anomalous contents of U (88–1,866 ppm), Zr (1081–2,581 ppm), Nb (257–1,395 ppm) and ΣREE (1,443–4,492 ppm). Previous studies rule out an origin of these bodies as metasedimentary xenoliths and they have been interpreted as cumulates from the granitic magma. An alternative flow segregation process is discussed here.

Keywords

Devonian Ordovician Granitic Rock Rare Earth Element Pattern Anhedral Crystal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial support was provided by PICT 1009 (FONCyT), PID 2008 MINCyT Cba 000121, PIP CONICET 1940, and a CONICET external fellowship awarded to J.A. Dahlquist for his research stay at Washington State University, supervised for the Professor J. Vervoort. J.A. We thank C. Casquet (UCM) and E. Baldo (CONICET-UNC) for the early discussion about this work. Dahlquist thanks R.J. Pankhurst for his English review and F. Colombo for the analysis using JEOL JXA-8230 electron microprobe. Thorough reviews by two anonymous reviewers and the assistant of the associated editor G. Hoinkes and the editor in Chief R. Abart resulted in a major improvement of the original manuscript. We are very grateful to them.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan A. Dahlquist
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pablo H. Alasino
    • 2
    • 3
  • Carina Bello
    • 4
  1. 1.CICTERRA-CONICET-UNCCórdobaArgentina
  2. 2.INGeReN-CENIIT-UNLaRLa RiojaArgentina
  3. 3.CRILAR-CONICETAnillacoArgentina
  4. 4.Regional CentroComisión Nacional de Energía AtómicaCórdobaArgentina

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