Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 86, Issue 3–4, pp 221–251 | Cite as

Metamorphic record of burial and exhumation of orogenic lower and middle crust: a new tectonothermal model for the Drosendorf window (Bohemian Massif, Austria)

  • M. Racek
  • P. Štípská
  • P. Pitra
  • K. Schulmann
  • O. Lexa


A continuous, but attenuated section through orogenic lower and middle crust overthrust by a second lower-crustal complex was distinguished at the eastern margin of the Bohemian Massif. This indicates the existence of two lower-crustal “autochthonous” extrusions into middle crust that is not compatible with the model of “allochthonous” lower crustal klippen remaining after flat thrusting of the Gföhl nappe over large distances. The base of the lower crust is represented by a granulite body exhumed from c. 15 kbar and 800 °C. A hangingwall complex of layered amphibolites gradually passes into amphibolite bearing paragneisses (the Monotonous unit) and micaschists intercalated with marbles at the top (the Varied unit). The metamorphic grade and anatexis decreases upwards and the micaschists preserve a prograde path to c. 8 kbar and 700 °C. This sequence is overthrust by a second lower crustal strongly migmatitized complex, referred to as the Raabs complex, which is marked by an eclogite-bearing belt at the base. The garnet zoning of eclogite indicates burial from 10 kbar to min. 15 kbar. In all units, relics of a steep metamorphic fabric were identified, reworked by folding and a moderately west-dipping foliation. The conditions of 7–10 kbar and approximately 750 °C for the flat foliation were obtained in all units indicating that exhumation of the lower crust into a middle crustal level occurred earlier, probably during the development of steep fabrics. The intense flat fabric is interpreted as a result of thrusting of the whole assembly over the middle crustal Brunian indentor.


Burial Lower Crust Autochthonous Hangingwall Metamorphic Grade 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Racek
    • 1
    • 3
  • P. Štípská
    • 2
    • 4
  • P. Pitra
    • 3
  • K. Schulmann
    • 2
  • O. Lexa
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Petrology and Structural Geology, Charles UniversityPrahaCzech Republic
  2. 2.Centre de Géochimie de Surface, UMR CNRS 7517StrasbourgFrance
  3. 3.Géosciences Rennes, UMR CNRS 6118, Université Rennes 1France
  4. 4.Czech Geological SurveyPragueCzech Republic

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