Identification of the YMN-1 antigen protein and biochemical analyses of protein components in the mitochondrial nucleoid fraction of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae
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We analyzed the protein components contained in the mitochondrial nucleoid (mt-nucleoid) fraction of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Immunoblotting with anti-Abf2p antibody demonstrated the association of Abf2p, a major mitochondrial DNA-binding protein, with the mt-nucleoids. In contrast, porin and cytochrome c oxidase subunit III (CoxIIIp) were not detected by immunoblotting in the mt-nucleoid fraction. The YMN-1 monoclonal antibody recognized a 48 kDa protein of the mt-nucleoid fraction. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the protein and immunological evidence showed that the YMN-1 monoclonal antibody recognizes dihydrolipoyl transsuccinylase (KE2), which is one of the constituents of the α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDC). α-Ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (KE1) and dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (E3), which are other subunits of KGDC, were also detected in the mt-nucleoid fraction. An enzyme assay of the mt-nucleoid fraction showed that cytochrome c oxidase and fumarase activity were barely detected in the fraction, but the specific activity of KGDC in the mt-nucleoid fraction was relatively high and was approximately 60% of the specific activity in the mitochondrial fraction. Three components of KGDC were detected in the DNA-binding protein fractions after DNA-cellulose column chromatography of mt-nucleoid proteins. These results suggested that a part of KGDC in the mitochondrial matrix is associated with mt-nucleoids in vivo.
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