Protoplasma

, Volume 253, Issue 6, pp 1391–1404 | Cite as

Inhibitors of plant hormone transport

  • Petr Klíma
  • Martina Laňková
  • Eva Zažímalová
Review Article

Abstract

Here we present an overview of what is known about endogenous plant compounds that act as inhibitors of hormonal transport processes in plants, about their identity and mechanism of action. We have also summarized commonly and less commonly used compounds of non-plant origin and synthetic drugs that show at least partial ‘specificity’ to transport or transporters of particular phytohormones. Our main attention is focused on the inhibitors of auxin transport. The urgent need to understand precisely the molecular mechanism of action of these inhibitors is highlighted.

Keywords

Plant hormones Transport Inhibitors Auxin Cytokinins Strigolactones Abscisic acid Cell biology 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscisic acid

ABCB

ATP-binding cassette subfamily B

ABCG

ATP-binding cassette subfamily G

ARF

ADP-ribosylation factor

ARF

Auxin response factor

ARF-GAP

ARF-GTPase-activating protein

ARF/GEF

ADP-ribosylation factor/GTPase guanine-nucleotide exchange factor

AtVPS45

Vacuolar protein sorting 45

AUX1

Auxin resistant 1

BEN

BFA-visualized endocytic trafficking defective

bex

BFA- visualized exocytic trafficking defective

BFA

Brefeldin A

CCCP

m-Chlorophenyl hydrazone

CHPAA

3-Chloro-4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid

CPD

Cyclopropyl propane dione

CSI

Chromosaponin I

CTPP

COOH-terminal propeptide

2,4-D

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid

ER

Endoplasmic reticulum

FCCP

Carbonyl cyanide-4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl hydrazone

GNL2

GNOM-LIKE 2

HFCA

9-Hydroxyfluorene-9-carboxylic acid

IAA

Indole-3-acetic acid

MDR

Multidrug resistance

MVBs

Multivesicular bodies

NAA

Naphthalene-1-acetic acid

2-NAA

Naphthalene-2-acetic acid

NBP

NPA-binding protein

1-NOA

1-Naphthoxyacetic acid

2-NOA

2-Naphthoxyacetic acid

NPA

1-Naphthylphthalamic acid

OxIAA

2-Oxindole-3-acetic acid

PBA

2-(1-Pyrenoyl)-benzoic acid

PGP

Phosphoglycoprotein

PI3K

Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase

PI4K

Phosphatidylinositol-4-kinase

PIN

Pin-formed

PM

Plasma membrane

PP2A

Phosphatase 2A

PVC

Prevacuolar compartment

RabA1b

Ras genes from rat brain A1b

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SCF

Scarface

SEC8

Secretory 8

TGN/EE

Trans-Golgi network/early endosome

TIBA

2,3,5-Triiodobenzoic acid

TOL

Target of MYB (TOM) 1-like

trans-CA

Trans-cinnamic acid

tt4

Transparent testa4

TWD1

Twisted-dwarf-1

VAN

Vascular network defective

VLCFAs

Very long chain fatty acids

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic (project COST-CZ LD15088) for support of their work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Petr Klíma
    • 1
  • Martina Laňková
    • 1
  • Eva Zažímalová
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Experimental BotanyThe Czech Academy of SciencesPrague 6Czech Republic

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