Protoplasma

, Volume 253, Issue 4, pp 1023–1032 | Cite as

Response of indigenously developed bacterial consortia in progressive degradation of polyvinyl chloride

  • Mohammad S Anwar
  • Anil Kapri
  • Vasvi Chaudhry
  • Aradhana Mishra
  • Mohammad W. Ansari
  • Yogesh Souche
  • Chandra S. Nautiyal
  • M. G. H. Zaidi
  • Reeta Goel
Original Article

Abstract

Thermoplastic-based materials are recalcitrant in nature, which extensive use affect environmental health. Here, we attempt to compare the response of indigenously produced bacterial consortium-I and consortium-II in degrading polyvinyl chloride (PVC). These consortia were developed by using different combination of bacterial strains of Pseudomonas otitidis, Bacillus cereus, and Acanthopleurobacter pedis from waste disposal sites of Northern India after their identification via 16S rDNA sequencing. The progressive degradation of PVC by consortia was examined via scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, UV–vis, FT-IR spectra, gel permeation chromatography, and differential scanning calorimetry analysis at different incubations and time intervals. The consortium-II was superior over consortium-I in degrading the PVC. Further, the carbon source utilization analysis revealed that the extensive use of consortia has not any effect on functional diversity of native soil microbes.

Keywords

Indigenous consortia Polyvinyl chloride In situ biodegradation Microbial community 

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad S Anwar
    • 1
  • Anil Kapri
    • 1
  • Vasvi Chaudhry
    • 2
  • Aradhana Mishra
    • 2
  • Mohammad W. Ansari
    • 3
  • Yogesh Souche
    • 1
    • 4
  • Chandra S. Nautiyal
    • 2
  • M. G. H. Zaidi
    • 1
  • Reeta Goel
    • 1
  1. 1.G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and TechnologyPantnagarIndia
  2. 2.Division of Plant-Microbe Interactions, National Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia
  3. 3.Zakir Husain Delhi CollegeNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.National Centre for Cell SciencesPune University CampusGaneskhindIndia

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