A micromechanics based multiscale model for nonlinear composites
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A micromechanics model for fiber-reinforced composites that can be used at the subscale in a multiscale computational framework is established to predict the effective nonlinear composite response. Using a fiber–matrix concentric cylinder model as the basic repeat unit to represent the composite, micromechanics is used to relate the applied composite strains to the fiber and matrix strains by a six by six transformation matrix. The resolved spatial variations of the matrix fields are found to be in good agreement with corresponding finite element analysis results. The evolution of the composite nonlinear response is assumed to be governed by two scalar, strain-based variables that are related to the extreme value of an appropriately defined matrix equivalent strain, and the matrix secant moduli are used to compute the composite secant moduli for nonlinear analysis. The results from the micromechanics model are compared well with a full finite element analysis. The predictive capability of the proposed model is illustrated by two distinct fiber-reinforced material systems, carbon and glass, for the fiber volume fraction varying from 50 to 70 %. Since fully analytical solutions are utilized for the micromechanical analysis, the proposed method offers a distinct computational advantage in a multiscale analysis and is therefore suitable for large-scale progressive damage and failure analyses of composite material structures.
KeywordsTransverse Shear Multiscale Model Stiffness Tensor Matrix Strain Axial Shear
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