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Degradation of the antibacterial agents triclosan and chlorophene using hydrodechlorination by Al-based alloys

  • Jan Pérko
  • Barbora Kamenická
  • Tomáš Weidlich
Original Paper
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

Triclosan and chlorophene are chlorinated phenols used as antimicrobial agents. Both compounds are ordinarily detected in aquatic environments. The aim of this study is to prove the reactivity of three different metallic alloys used as common reductants such as Raney Al–Ni (50% Al–50% Ni), Devarda’s Al–Cu–Zn alloy (45% Al–50% Cu–5% Zn), and Arnd’s Cu–Mg alloy (60% Cu–40% Mg) for the hydrodechlorination of these agents in alkaline aqueous solution at ambient temperature and investigating such parameters as type and amount of reagents. The hydrodechlorination of triclosan was found to be completed when 5 molar equivalents of Al in the form of Raney Al–Ni alloy (0.27 g) and 20 equivalents of NaOH (0.8 g) per 1 mmol of triclosan were used and the reaction was performed at ambient temperature and pressure during 20 h of vigorous stirring. Chlorophene was completely dechlorinated using 2.5 equivalents of Al (0.14 g) and 10 equivalents of NaOH (0.4 g) per 1 mmol of chlorophene under the same conditions.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Reductions Heterogeneous catalysis Chlorinated phenols Metals Ni 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by Technology Agency of the Czech Republic TG02010058.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Pérko
    • 1
  • Barbora Kamenická
    • 1
  • Tomáš Weidlich
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Chemical Technology, Institute of Environmental and Chemical EngineeringUniversity of PardubicePardubiceCzech Republic

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