Sensitive voltammetric method for determination of herbicide metribuzin using silver solid amalgam electrode
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New sensitive voltammetric method for determination of triazinone herbicide metribuzin (MTZ) was developed employing polished and mercury meniscus-modified silver solid amalgam electrode (p-, m-AgSAE). MTZ yielded two reduction signals on both used working electrodes in acidic and slightly acidic media and the positively situated peak [at about −650 mV vs. Ag|AgCl|KCl (sat.)] was found suitable for further analytical measurements. The highest responses were recorded in Britton–Robinson buffer of pH 2 (p-AgSAE) or 3 (m-AgSAE). Various voltammetric techniques like cyclic, linear sweep, and differential pulse voltammetry were used for examination of the voltammetric behavior of MTZ. Parameters of differential pulse voltammetry were optimized and low detection limits were reached (LODm-AgSAE = 6.0 × 10−8 mol dm−3 and LODp-AgSAE = 7.5 × 10−8 mol dm−3). Moreover, excellent repeatability of determination and measurements as well was confirmed by low values of relative standard deviations of five repeated determinations [RSD (5) ≤ 6.0 %] and of 11 repeated measurements [RSD (11) ≤ 4.5 %], respectively. Finally, practical applicability of newly proposed methods was verified by the analysis of spiked tap and river water and by determination of MTZ in pesticide preparation with excellent results. All the obtained results were compared with those gained for classic mercury electrode.
KeywordsElectrochemistry Voltammetry Herbicide Metribuzin Silver solid amalgam electrode Hanging mercury drop electrode
This work was supported by The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic (project No. CZ.1.07/2.3.00/30.0021) and by the University of Pardubice (project No. SGSFChT_2015006).
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