Monatshefte für Chemie - Chemical Monthly

, Volume 144, Issue 1, pp 73–82 | Cite as

Compensation effects at electron traps in semiconductors

  • O. EngstromEmail author
Original Paper


The basic qualities for fulfilling the Meyer–Neldel rule (MNR) for thermal electron emission from semiconductor traps are investigated. A trap model including vibronic properties is used with varying entropy arising from the change in elasticity of the ionic part of the trap potential when an electron transition takes place. This gives rise to a system where the compensation effect originates from the increasing entropy change as a function of the enthalpy supply needed for the transition process in concord with Yelon–Movaghar theory. The entropy increase connects to a decrease in the activation energy for electron capture, which amplifies the compensation effect for MNR manifestation. By comparing with experimental data, the result achieved from the model clarifies the experimental observation of class partitioning for centers in GaAs, obeying the MNR. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that traps at metal–oxide–silicon interfaces, with the same properties as bulk traps following the MNR, give rise to capture cross-sections steeply increasing with the Gibbs free energy involved in carrier emission, as found by experiment.

Graphical Abstract


Meyer–Neldel rule Isokinetic Semiconductor traps MOS interface states Vibronic states 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chalmers University of Technology, Microtechnology and NanoscienceGothenburgSweden

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