Visible light-induced photocatalysis through surface plasmon excitation of platinum-metallized titania for photocatalytic bleaching of rhodamine B
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Nanocomposites consisting of titania nanoparticles and metallic platinum were prepared via a soft chemical reduction method. The detailed structural, compositional, and optical characterization and physicochemical properties of the obtained products were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption, Raman spectroscopy, UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy, and FT-IR spectroscopy techniques. Employing photodegradation of rhodamine B as the model reaction, we found that the as-prepared Pt/TiO2 nanocomposite showed an excellent photocatalytic oxidation activity under visible light irradiation. On the basis of these results, the intrinsic mechanism of visible light-induced photocatalytic oxidation of organic compounds on the platinized titania is proposed and discussed. The superior visible light-driven photocatalytic efficiency of the Pt/TiO2 nanocomposite photocatalyst can be ascribed to the high efficiency of charge-pair separation due to the presence of deposited Pt serving as electron sinks to retard the rapid e−–h+ couple recombination; the good photoabsorption capacity in the visible light region; and the higher concentration of surface hydroxyl groups, which are able to effectively scavenge photogenerated valence band holes. Accumulation of the holes at the catalyst surface increases the probability of the formation of OH· as a reactive species that readily oxidizes the organic dye molecule.
KeywordsTitania Rhodamine B Surface properties
This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (prog no. 2009QC016).
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