Amino acid differences in the N-terminal half of the polyprotein of Chinese turnip mosaic virus isolates affect symptom expression in Nicotiana benthamiana and radish

  • Wen-Xing Hu
  • Eun-Young Seo
  • In-Sook Cho
  • Jung-Kyu Kim
  • Hye-Kyoung Ju
  • Ik-Hyun Kim
  • Go-Woon Choi
  • Boram Kim
  • Chun-Hee Ahn
  • Leslie L. Domier
  • Sang-Keun OhEmail author
  • John HammondEmail author
  • Hyoun-Sub LimEmail author
Brief Report

Radish (Raphanus sativus L.) is an important vegetable crop worldwide, occupying the second largest area of all vegetables in China [1]. Farmers tend to select the best cultivar, and therefore, there are only a few cultivars in production [2]. However, continuous cultivation and ecological changes have led to increasing severity of radish viral diseases [3]. Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV), cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), and radish mosaic virus (RaMV) are the main viruses of radish plants in China [4].

TuMV causes crop losses worldwide [5, 6], including in most regions of China [7]; it has a wide host range, infecting 318 species of 156 genera of 43 families, with the most susceptible hosts being members of the family Brassicaceae [8, 9]. It is second in importance only to CMV in vegetable crops in 28 countries or regions [10], and it is the most important virus of cruciferous vegetables in Asia, including radish in China [11]. Infected crops may show mosaic, mottle, leaf malformation, and...


turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) infectious clones stem necrosis 



This work was supported by a Grant from the Next-Generation BioGreen 21 Program (project no. PJ01365501), Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 521 kb)
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chungnam National UniversityDaejeonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal ScienceRural Development AdministrationJeonjuRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Breeding Research Institute of Daeil SeedGimjeRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of Crop SciencesUnited States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  5. 5.Floral and Nursery Plants Research UnitUnited States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, U.S. National ArboretumBeltsvilleUSA

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