Identification and characterization of novel double zinc fingers encoded by putative proteins in genome of white spot syndrome virus
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White spot syndrome virus (WSSV), is a major viral pathogen affecting the shrimp culture industry worldwide. Studies in understanding the mechanisms of WSSV pathogenicity has led to the identification of The Really Interesting New Gene (RING) finger domains in WSSV encoded proteins that have been shown to function as E3 ligase modulating the host-ubiquitin pathway. In this study, we report two proteins encoded by the WSSV genome to harbor a double zinc finger domain, one each in its N- and C-terminal region. Sequence and structural analysis of the two domains showed the N- and C-terminal domains to be similar to known RING1 and RING2 domains of eukaryotic RBR (RING-between-RING) ligases respectively. This is the first report wherein genes within WSSV are shown to encode for double RING domains, which could pave way in understanding further, the function of these proteins and their role in the pathogenic mechanisms of the virus.
The authors acknowledge the funding support received from the BTISnet Program (BT/BI 04/049/99/), Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, NewDelhi.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest
This article does not contain any human or animal studies.
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