Detection of Jasmine virus H and characterization of a second pelarspovirus infecting star jasmine (Jasminum multiflorum) and angelwing jasmine (J. nitidum) plants displaying virus-like symptoms
Star jasmine (Jasminum multiflorum) plants growing in Hawaii expressing a diverse array of virus-like foliar symptoms were examined for the presence of a causal agent. Symptomatic tissues collected from three locations on the island of Oahu, Hawaii consistently harbored double-stranded (ds)RNAs approximately 4.2 and 1.7 kbp in size. Sanger and high-throughput sequencing approaches revealed these dsRNAs were from two distinct virus species co-infecting the same host plant. One of these two viruses was the recently characterized Jasmine virus H (JaVH), and the second we designated as Jasmine mosaic-associated virus (JMaV). Both viruses were subsequently found, by high-throughput sequencing, in a single angelwing jasmine (J. nitidum) plant exhibiting similar ringspot symptoms and growing at the U.S. National Arboretum in Washington, DC. Phylogenetic placement, genome organization, and sequence comparisons indicate these two viruses are classifiable as members of the genus Pelarspovirus (family Tombusviridae). To determine if either of these viruses were associated with the observed symptoms, a PCR-based detection assay was developed to detect and distinguish these two viruses in several Hawaii-grown plants. All 32 samples collected from four Oahu locations displayed symptoms. All 32 samples were positive for JaVH, and 16 were positive for JMaV. An asymptomatic star jasmine plant from the island of Hawaii was negative for both JaVH and JMaV. Both viruses were also found in a symptomatic J. sambac sample from Maryland while only JMaV was detected in a symptomatic Jasminum sp. sample from California.
The work in Hawaii was supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture Hatch project HAW09030-H awarded to M.J. Melzer and managed by the University of Hawaii’s College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. The work in Maryland was supported through USDA, Agricultural Research Service funding, Research Project 8020-22000-032-00D. Plant samples were moved from CA and DC to MD under USDA APHIS Permit P526P-12-01747. We are thankful to Mary Ann Guaragna for initial cloning and Sanger sequencing work, and Dimtre Mollov for the infected MD jasmine sample.
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