Proteomic analysis of monkey kidney LLC-MK2 cells infected with a Thai strain Zika virus

  • Thamonwan Diteepeng
  • Sarawut Khongwichit
  • Atchara Paemanee
  • Sittiruk Roytrakul
  • Duncan R. Smith
Original Article


Zika virus (ZIKV) has been endemic in Southeast Asian countries for several years, but the presence of the virus has not been associated with significant outbreaks of infection unlike other countries around the world where the Asian lineage ZIKV was introduced recently. However, few studies have been undertaken using the endemic virus. The Thai isolate was shown to have a similar tissue tropism to an African isolate of ZIKV, albeit that the Thai isolate infected cells at a lower level as compared to the African isolate. To further understand the pathogenesis of the Thai isolate, a 2D-gel proteomic analysis was undertaken of ZIKV infected LLC-MK2 cells. Seven proteins (superoxide dismutase [Mn], peroxiredoxin 2, ATP synthase subunit alpha, annexin A5 and annexin A1, carnitine o-palmitoyltransferase 2 and cytoskeleton-associated protein 2) were identified as differentially regulated. Of four proteins selected for validation, three (superoxide dismutase [Mn], peroxiredoxin 2, ATP synthase subunit alpha, and annexin A1) were shown to be differentially regulated at both the transcriptional and translational levels. The proteins identified were primarily involved in energy production both directly, and indirectly through mediation of autophagy, as well as in the response to oxidative stress, possibly occurring as a consequence of increased energy production. This study provides further new information on the pathogenesis of ZIKV.



This work was supported by the Thailand Research Fund (BRG6080006). TD was supported by a scholarship from the Development and Promotion of Science and Technology (DPST) talents project.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and animal rights statement

Neither animal nor human testing was involved in this study.

Supplementary material

705_2018_4137_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (171 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 171 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Molecular Pathology Laboratory, Institute of Molecular BiosciencesMahidol UniversitySalayaThailand
  2. 2.National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, National Science and Technology Development AgencyKhlong LuangThailand

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