Genetic characterization of influenza A virus subtypes H1N3 and H1N9 isolated from free-grazing ducks in Thailand
- 262 Downloads
Influenza A virus (IAV) subtype H1 has been reported to infect birds, pigs and humans. In this study, we characterized IAVs subtype H1N3 and H1N9 isolated from free-grazing ducks in Thailand. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Thai IAV-H1 isolates cluster with avian Eurasian-lineage but not pandemic H1N1 viruses. Analysis of the viruses indicated low-pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) characteristics. This study is the first report of avian H1N3 and H1N9 in Thailand. Although Thai IAV-H1 viruses do not pose a risk of a pandemic, routine surveillance and genetic monitoring of IAVs should be conducted.
KeywordsInfluenza Avian Influenza Oseltamivir Avian Influenza Virus Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza
We would like to thank Chulalongkorn University for its financial support to the Center of Excellence for Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases in Animals, and the Thailand Research Fund for providing its financial support to RGJ, a Ph.D. scholarship to SC (PHD/0181/2553), and the TRF Senior Scholar to AA (RTA5780006).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
- 4.Centers for Disease C, Prevention (2009) Swine influenza A (H1N1) infection in two children—Southern California, March–April 2009. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 58:400–402Google Scholar
- 7.Chen H, Wen X, To KK, Wang P, Tse H, Chan JF, Tsoi HW, Fung KS, Tse CW, Lee RA, Chan KH, Yuen KY (2010) Quasispecies of the D225G substitution in the hemagglutinin of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus from patients with severe disease in Hong Kong, China. J Infect Dis 201:1517–1521CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 12.Li J, Ishaq M, Prudence M, Xi X, Hu T, Liu Q, Guo D (2009) Single mutation at the amino acid position 627 of PB2 that leads to increased virulence of an H5N1 avian influenza virus during adaptation in mice can be compensated by multiple mutations at other sites of PB2. Virus Res 144:123–129CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 13.Matrosovich M, Tuzikov A, Bovin N, Gambaryan A, Klimov A, Castrucci MR, Donatelli I, Kawaoka Y (2000) Early alterations of the receptor-binding properties of H1, H2, and H3 avian influenza virus hemagglutinins after their introduction into mammals. J Virol 74:8502–8512CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 14.OIE (2012) Avian influenza. Manual of diagnostic tests and vaccines for terrestrial animals. World Organisation for Animal Health, Paris, pp 436–454Google Scholar
- 17.Spackman E, Senne DA, Myers TJ, Bulaga LL, Garber LP, Perdue ML, Lohman K, Daum LT, Suarez DL (2002) Development of a real-time reverse transcriptase PCR assay for type A influenza virus and the avian H5 and H7 hemagglutinin subtypes. J Clin Microbiol 40:3256–3260CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 19.Tong S, Zhu X, Li Y, Shi M, Zhang J, Bourgeois M, Yang H, Chen X, Recuenco S, Gomez J, Chen LM, Johnson A, Tao Y, Dreyfus C, Yu W, McBride R, Carney PJ, Gilbert AT, Chang J, Guo Z, Davis CT, Paulson JC, Stevens J, Rupprecht CE, Holmes EC, Wilson IA, Donis RO (2013) New world bats harbor diverse influenza A viruses. PLoS Pathog 9:e1003657CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 20.Tsukamoto K, Ashizawa H, Nakanishi K, Kaji N, Suzuki K, Okamatsu M, Yamaguchi S, Mase M (2008) Subtyping of avian influenza viruses H1 to H15 on the basis of hemagglutinin genes by PCR assay and molecular determination of pathogenic potential. J Clin Microbiol 46:3048–3055CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 24.Yamada S, Hatta M, Staker BL, Watanabe S, Imai M, Shinya K, Sakai-Tagawa Y, Ito M, Ozawa M, Watanabe T, Sakabe S, Li C, Kim JH, Myler PJ, Phan I, Raymond A, Smith E, Stacy R, Nidom CA, Lank SM, Wiseman RW, Bimber BN, O’Connor DH, Neumann G, Stewart LJ, Kawaoka Y (2010) Biological and structural characterization of a host-adapting amino acid in influenza virus. PLoS Pathog 6:e1001034CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar