A new tobamovirus infecting tomato crops in Jordan
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In this study, we completed the whole genome sequence of a new tobamovirus isolated from tomato plants grown in greenhouses in Jordan during the spring of 2015. The 6393-nt single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) genome encodes four proteins, as do other tobamoviruses: two replication-related proteins of 126 kDa and 183 kDa, a 30-kDa movement protein (MP) and a 17.5-kDa coat protein (CP). Phylogenetic analysis showed that this virus does not group with either the tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) or the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) clades. Instead, it stems from a branch leading to the TMV clade. Analysis of possible recombination events between this virus and representative isolates of closely related tomato-infecting tobamoviruses showed that at least one region originated by recombination. We provide evidence that we have identified a new tobamovirus, for which we propose the name “tomato brown rugose fruit virus”.
KeywordsCoat Protein Tobacco Mosaic Virus Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Tomato Crop Recombination Detection Program
Massimo Turina was in part supported by a “short-term mobility scholarship” awarded by the National Research Council of Italy. Nida’ Salem is grateful to Saja Odeh for her technical help.
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