Archives of Virology

, Volume 161, Issue 2, pp 425–430 | Cite as

Occurrence and characterization of plum pox virus strain D isolates from European Russia and Crimea

  • Sergei Chirkov
  • Peter Ivanov
  • Anna Sheveleva
  • Anna Kudryavtseva
  • Yuri Prikhodko
  • Irina Mitrofanova
Brief Report


Numerous plum pox virus (PPV) strain D isolates have been found in geographically distant regions of European Russia and the Crimean peninsula on different stone fruit hosts. Phylogenetic analysis of their partial and complete genomes suggests multiple introductions of PPV-D into Russia. Distinct natural isolates from Prunus tomentosa were found to bear unique amino acid substitutions in the N-terminus of the coat protein (CP) that may contribute to the adaptation of PPV-D to this host. Serological analysis using the PPV-D-specific monoclonal antibody 4DG5 provided further evidence that mutations at positions 58 and 59 of the CP are crucial for antibody binding.


Plum pox virus Strain D 454 Pyrosequencing Phylogenetic analysis Serological analysis 



We gratefully acknowledge Drs. Anatoly Yushev and Olga Radchenko (Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry) for their cooperation in the Pavlovsk Research Station stone fruit collection survey and for helpful discussions. We thank Dr. Delano James for the serological analysis of the isolate Vulcan. This work was supported by the Russian Scientific Foundation (research project no. 14-24-00007).

Supplementary material

705_2015_2658_MOESM1_ESM.doc (258 kb)
Fig. S1 Geographical localities (red circles) of plum pox virus isolates studied in this work. (DOC 257 kb)
705_2015_2658_MOESM2_ESM.doc (26 kb)
Fig. S2 Offset in-frame triplet deletion in the NIb gene of the isolate Cr11. Nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of the isolates K9 and Cr11 around the deletion site are shown. Numerals above alignment show nucleotide positions in the complete genome of the isolate K9. The ?aspartic? acid residue deleted in the Cr11 polyprotein is shaded. (DOC 26 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergei Chirkov
    • 1
  • Peter Ivanov
    • 1
  • Anna Sheveleva
    • 1
  • Anna Kudryavtseva
    • 2
  • Yuri Prikhodko
    • 3
  • Irina Mitrofanova
    • 4
  1. 1.Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Engelhardt Institute of Molecular BiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.All-Russian Center of Plant QuarantineMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Nikita Botanical Gardens, National Scientific CenterYaltaRussia

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