Archives of Virology

, Volume 157, Issue 3, pp 585–590 | Cite as

Molecular characterisation of an avihepadnavirus isolated from Psittacula krameri (ring-necked parrot)

  • Tomasz Piasecki
  • Brigitta Kurenbach
  • Klaudia Chrząstek
  • Karolina Bednarek
  • Simona Kraberger
  • Darren P. Martin
  • Arvind VarsaniEmail author
Annotated Sequence Record


Avihepadnaviruses have been documented previously in ducks, herons, geese, storks and cranes. Here, we describe the full genome of a new avihepadnavirus isolated from Psittacula krameri (ring-necked parrot) in Poland. The parrot hepatitis B virus (PHBV) genome (3042 bp) shares <76% sequence identity with other avihepadnavirus isolates and is phylogenetically most closely related to heron and stork hepatitis B viruses isolates. PHBV has a genome organization similar to that of other hepadnaviruses and contains ORFs for a preC/C, preS/S and polyprotein. Additionally, we identified an X-like ORF in the genome of PHBV. The full-genome data will be useful in developing screening tools for avihepadnaviruses in parrots.


Full Genome Snow Goose Woolly Monkey Psittacula Krameri Recombination Break Point 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Part of this research was supported by an Early Career Grant from the University of Canterbury, New Zealand, and a University of Cape Town, South Africa, block grant awarded to AV. BK was supported by funding from the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD). Part of this research was supported by the Polish Ministry of Education and Science (grant no. N308 036 32/3369).

Supplementary material

705_2011_1197_MOESM1_ESM.doc (72 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 72 kb). Supplementary Table 1: Details of avihepadnaviruses used in this study (isolates with complete genomes)
705_2011_1197_MOESM2_ESM.doc (126 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOC 125 kb). Supplementary Figure 1: Genome sequence annotation of PHBV and representative avihepadnaviruses. Gaps introduced to optimise the alignment are indicated with a “-” character
705_2011_1197_MOESM3_ESM.doc (52 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (DOC 51 kb). Supplementary Figure 2: Polyprotein ORF annotation of PHBV and representative avihepadnaviruses. Gaps introduced to optimise the alignment are indicated with a “-” character
705_2011_1197_MOESM4_ESM.doc (40 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (DOC 39 kb). Supplementary Figure 3: Major surface antigen annotation of PHBV and representative avihepadnaviruses. Gaps introduced to optimise the alignment are indicated with a “-” character
705_2011_1197_MOESM5_ESM.doc (36 kb)
Supplementary material 5 (DOC 35 kb). Supplementary Figure 4: Core surface antigen annotation of PHBV and representative avihepadnaviruses. Gaps introduced to optimise the alignment are indicated with a “-” character
705_2011_1197_MOESM6_ESM.doc (27 kb)
Supplementary material 6 (DOC 27 kb). Supplementary Figure 5: X-like ORF of PHBV and representative avihepadnaviruses. Gaps introduced to optimise the alignment are indicated with a “-” character


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomasz Piasecki
    • 1
  • Brigitta Kurenbach
    • 2
    • 3
  • Klaudia Chrząstek
    • 1
  • Karolina Bednarek
    • 1
  • Simona Kraberger
    • 2
  • Darren P. Martin
    • 4
  • Arvind Varsani
    • 2
    • 5
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Epizootiology with Clinic of Birds and Exotic Animals, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineWrocław University of Environmental and Life SciencesWrocławPoland
  2. 2.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand
  3. 3.GenØk, Centre for BiosafetyThe Science ParkTromsøNorway
  4. 4.Computational Biology Group, Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular MedicineUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa
  5. 5.Electron Microscope UnitUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa
  6. 6.School of Biological Sciences, Biomolecular Interaction CentreUniversity of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand

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