Archives of Virology

, Volume 156, Issue 12, pp 2233–2239 | Cite as

Distribution and genetic diversity of porcine hokovirus in wild boars

  • Dániel CadarEmail author
  • Attila Cságola
  • Márta Lőrincz
  • Kata Tombácz
  • Marina Spînu
  • Tamás Tuboly
Original Article


Porcine hokovirus (PHoV), a newly discovered member of the family Parvoviridae and the proposed genus Hokovirus, is considered phylogenetically distinct from other parvoviruses. Here, we report a comprehensive spatio-temporal study of PHoV infection in Romanian wild boars. The prevalence of PHoV differed significantly in samples from 2006/2007 (22.76%) and 2010/2011 (50.54%), and also increased with age. Sequence analysis of PHoVs from 2006/2007 showed a close relationship to PHoVs from pigs from England and wild boars from Germany, while the PHoVs from 2010/2011 were mostly similar to isolates from Hong Kong. The most variable regions were detected in the NS1 gene and proved to be suitable for analysis of the genetic diversity of the virus. It was observed that PHoVs from older wild boar samples differed from those collected recently. These results suggested that porcine hokovirus could be a newly emerging virus of both domestic and wild pigs with yet unknown implications.


Wild Boar Hunting Season Wild Boar Population Coagulation Factor VIII Bocavirus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by CNCSIS-UEFISCDU, PN II-RU PD-5 189/2010. Research studies of Dr. Cságola were funded by the János Bolyai Research Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Science. The authors thank the Balassi Institute - Hungarian Scholarship Board Office.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dániel Cadar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Attila Cságola
    • 2
  • Márta Lőrincz
    • 2
  • Kata Tombácz
    • 2
  • Marina Spînu
    • 1
  • Tamás Tuboly
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary MedicineCluj-NapocaRomania
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary ScienceSzent István UniversityBudapestHungary

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