Multiple amino acid variations in the nonstructural proteins of swine Japanese encephalitis virus alter its virulence in mice
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In a previous study, we performed serial brain-to-brain passages of swine Japanese encephalitis virus in mice and sequenced the complete genomes of the F5 and F20 passaged mouse-adapted variants. In the current study, we analyzed the differences between their genome sequences and found 12 amino acid substitutions in the nonstructural proteins. We also assessed the growth characteristics of these two variants in mammalian cells in vitro and in vivo. Our investigations revealed that the F20 variant had enhanced growth characteristics and modified virulence compared with the F5 variant. We therefore conclude that multiple amino acid substitutions in the nonstructural proteins of swine Japanese encephalitis virus alter its virulence in mice.
KeywordsJapanese encephalitis virus Swine Mouse Adaptation Pathogenicity
This study was supported by Hubei Key Laboratory of Animal Embryo Engineering and Molecular Breeding (2010ZD150) and National Science & Technology Pillar Program (2006BAD06A18-6).
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