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Archives of Virology

, Volume 155, Issue 9, pp 1371–1381 | Cite as

100 years poliovirus: from discovery to eradication. A meeting report

  • Tim Skern
Brief Review

Abstract

Just over hundred years ago, Karl Landsteiner and Erwin Popper identified a virus, later termed poliovirus, as the causative agent of poliomyelitis. This groundbreaking discovery simultaneously provided the basis for the measures that today prevent the outbreaks of the terrible epidemics caused by poliovirus. In 1988, the WHO started its eradication program to eliminate the virus from the planet. The symposium celebrated the discovery of poliovirus and discussed our current state of knowledge of poliovirus biology. Prospects for the eradication program were evaluated, with particular emphasis being placed on why certain countries still have not succeeding in interrupting wild-type transmission of poliovirus. Discussion also centred on the role of inactivated poliovirus vaccines in the eradication program and the maintenance of a poliovirus-free world, whenever this goal should be achieved.

Keywords

Poliomyelitis Eradication Program Acute Flaccid Paralysis Eradication Campaign Inactivate Poliovirus Vaccine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

I thank Dieter Blaas, Franz X. Heinz and Jutta Steinberger for critical reading. The organisers thank the following institutions for their support in making the symposium possible: Austrian Academy of Sciences, Baxter, Austrian Ministries of Health and Science, GlaxoSmithKline, Austrian Society for Hygiene, Microbiology and Preventative Medicine, Intercell AG, Max F. Perutz Laboratories, Medical University of Vienna, Novartis Vaccines, Austrian Association of Molecular Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Rotary Club Austria, Sanofi Pasteur MSD, City of Vienna Science and Research Municipal Dept 7.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Max F. Perutz LaboratoriesMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria

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