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Archives of Virology

, Volume 155, Issue 4, pp 545–552 | Cite as

Isolation and characterization of a novel Staphylococcus aureus bacteriophage, ϕMR25, and its therapeutic potential

  • Hiroshi Hoshiba
  • Jumpei Uchiyama
  • Shin-ichiro Kato
  • Takako Ujihara
  • Asako Muraoka
  • Masanori Daibata
  • Hiroshi Wakiguchi
  • Shigenobu Matsuzaki
Original Article

Abstract

A novel bacteriophage, ϕMR25, was isolated from a lysogenic Staphylococcus aureus strain by mitomycin C induction. Its biological features were analyzed in comparison with ϕMR11, which was described previously as a prototype therapeutic phage. ϕMR25 is morphologically similar to ϕMR11 (morphotype B1 of family Myoviridae) but has a broader host range than ϕMR11 on S. aureus strains. ϕMR25 can also multiply on S. aureus lysogens of ϕMR11. Its DNA is 44,342 bp in size, is predicted to include 70 open reading frames, and does not contain genes related to toxin or drug resistance. The lysogenic module and most of the putative virion protein genes are completely different from those of ϕMR11. In spite of their genetic diversity, intraperitoneal administration of ϕMR25 rescued mice inoculated with a lethal dose of S. aureus, as was the case for ϕMR11. These results suggest that ϕMR25 could be another candidate phage to treat S. aureus infection.

Keywords

Phage Genome Major Capsid Protein Aureus Strain Phage Therapy Temperate Phage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was partly supported by a grant from the Green Science Project, Kochi University.

Supplementary material

705_2010_623_MOESM1_ESM.xls (46 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLS 46 kb)
705_2010_623_MOESM2_ESM.ppt (879 kb)
Fig. S1. Distribution of ϕMR25-like phage (A) or ϕMR11-like phage (B) in S. aureus strains. SA and MR stand for methicillin-sensitive and methicillin-resistant strains, respectively. PCR reactions were carried out using primer pairs constructed based on each repressor protein gene, ϕMR25-orf5 or ϕMR11-orf4. ϕMR25 and ϕMR11 DNAs were used as templates for the positive control. M, size marker (ϕX174 HaeIII-digests, Takara Bio, Kyoto, Japan). “P +” and “–” under the gels indicate plaque formation and no plaque formation, respectively. The plaque formation data for ϕMR11 are from ref. 12. (PPT 879 kb)
705_2010_623_MOESM3_ESM.ppt (60 kb)
Fig. S2. Dot blot analysis of similarity between ϕMR25 and ϕMR11 DNAs. Parameters for the analysis are 17 and 0 for the window size and the mismatch limit, respectively. (PPT 60 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroshi Hoshiba
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jumpei Uchiyama
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shin-ichiro Kato
    • 3
  • Takako Ujihara
    • 4
  • Asako Muraoka
    • 5
  • Masanori Daibata
    • 2
  • Hiroshi Wakiguchi
    • 1
  • Shigenobu Matsuzaki
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsKochi Medical SchoolNankokuJapan
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology and InfectionKochi Medical SchoolNankokuJapan
  3. 3.Research Institute of Molecular GeneticsKochi UniversityNankokuJapan
  4. 4.Section of Life Science and Biofunctional Materials, Science Research CenterKochi UniversityNankokuJapan
  5. 5.Kochi Junior CollegeKochiJapan

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