Archives of Virology

, Volume 155, Issue 4, pp 613–620 | Cite as

A new isolate of beak and feather disease virus from endemic wild red-fronted parakeets (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae) in New Zealand

  • Luis Ortiz-Catedral
  • Brigitta Kurenbach
  • Melanie Massaro
  • Kate McInnes
  • Dianne H. Brunton
  • Mark E. Hauber
  • Darren P. Martin
  • Arvind Varsani
Annotated Sequence Record

Abstract

Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) is a viral disease distributed worldwide with a potentially critical impact on many rare parrots. While efforts have been made to determine its prevalence in wild and captive psittacines, only limited work has been done to document complete genomes of its causative agent, beak and feather disease virus (BFDV). Here, we describe five full genomes of BFDV isolated from wild specimens of an endemic New Zealand parrot, the red-fronted parakeet (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae). The isolates share >99% nucleotide similarity amongst themselves and ~91–92% similarity to BFDV isolates from southern Africa, Europe and Australia. A maximum-likelihood (ML) phylogenetic tree including 42 other full-genome sequences indicated that the five isolates from red-fronted parakeets represent an undescribed genotype of BFDV. These isolates are evolutionarily most closely related to the Cacatuini isolates from Thailand and the Lorinae isolates from Australia in the rep gene ML tree; however, in the cp ML tree, the evolutionary relationship is closer to viruses found in the Psittacini.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary Fig. 1 (DOC 116 kb)
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Supplementary Fig. 2 (DOC 37 kb)
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Supplementary Fig. 3 (DOC 32 kb)
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Supplementary Fig. 4 (PPT 77 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luis Ortiz-Catedral
    • 1
  • Brigitta Kurenbach
    • 2
    • 3
  • Melanie Massaro
    • 2
  • Kate McInnes
    • 4
  • Dianne H. Brunton
    • 1
  • Mark E. Hauber
    • 5
    • 6
  • Darren P. Martin
    • 7
  • Arvind Varsani
    • 2
    • 8
  1. 1.Ecology and Conservation Lab, Institute of Natural SciencesMassey UniversityAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand
  3. 3.Genøk-Centre for BiosafetyThe Science ParkTromsøNorway
  4. 4.Department of ConservationWellingtonNew Zealand
  5. 5.Department of PsychologyHunter College of City University of New York (CUNY)New YorkUSA
  6. 6.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  7. 7.Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular MedicineUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa
  8. 8.Electron Microscope UnitUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa

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