Archives of Virology

, Volume 155, Issue 1, pp 63–70 | Cite as

Sequence and phylogenetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus genotypes isolated in Malaysia between 2004 and 2005

  • Sheau Wei Tan
  • Aini Ideris
  • Abdul R. Omar
  • Khatijah Yusoff
  • Mohd Hair-Bejo
Brief Report

Abstract

Sequence analysis of the fusion (F) gene of eight Malaysian NDV isolates showed that all the isolates were categorized as velogenic viruses, with the F cleavage site motif 112R-R-Q-K-R116 or 112R-R-R-K-R116 at the C-terminus of the F2 protein and phenylalanine (F) at residue 117 at the N-terminus of the F1 protein. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all of the isolates were grouped in two distinct clusters under sub-genotype VIId. The isolates were about 4.8–11.7% genetically distant from sub-genotypes VIIa, VIIb, VIIc and VIIe. When the nucleotide sequences of the eight Malaysian isolates were compared phylogenetically to those of the old published local isolates, it was found that genotype VIII, VII, II and I viruses exist in Malaysia and caused sporadic infections. It is suggested that genotype VII viruses were responsible for most of the outbreaks in recent years.

References

  1. 1.
    Anonymous (2004) Multiannual Animal Disease Status, OIE. http://www.oie.int/eng/normes/mmanual/A_00038.htm
  2. 2.
    Anonymous (2004) Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals, Newcastle Disease, OIE. http://www.oie.int/eng/normes/mmanual/A_00038.htm
  3. 3.
    Abolink C, Horner RF, Bisschop SPR, Parker ME, Romito M, Viljeon GJ (2004) A phylogenetic study of South African Newcastle disease virus strains isolated between 1990 and 2002 suggests epidemiological origins in the Far East. Arch Virol 149:603–619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Aldous EW, Alexander DJ (2001) Detection and differentiation of Newcastle disease virus (avian paramyxovirus type 1). Avian Pathol 30:117–118CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Aldous EW, Mynn JK, Banks J, Alexander DJ (2003) A molecular epidemiological study of avian paramyxovirus type 1 (Newcastle disease virus) isolates by phylogenetic analysis of a partial nucleotide sequence of the fusion protein gene. Avian Pathol 32:239–257CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Alexander DJ (1997) Newcastle disease and other Paramyxoviridae infections. In: Calnek BW (ed) Diseases of Poultry, 10th edn. Iowa State University Press, Ames, pp 541–569Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ballagi-Pordany A, Wehmann E, Herczeg J, Belak S, Lomniczi B (1996) Identification and grouping of Newcastle disease virus strains by restriction site analysis of a region from the F gene. Arch Virol 141:243–261CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Collins MS, Bashiruddin JB, Alexander DJ (1993) Deduced amino acid sequences at the fusion protein cleavage site of Newcastle disease viruses showing variation in antigenicity and pathogenicity. Arch Virol 128:363–370CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Czegledi A, Herczeg J, Hadjiev G, Doumanova L, Wehmann E, Lomniczi B (2002) The occurrence of five major Newcastle disease virus genotypes (II, IV, V, VI and VIIb) in Bulgaria between 1959 and 1996. Epidemiol Infect 129:679–688CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Czegledi A, Ujvari D, Somogyi E, Wehmann E, Werner O, Lomniczi B (2006) Third genome size category of avian paramyxovirus serotype 1 (Newcastle disease virus) and evolutionary implications. Virus Res 120:36–48CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Herczeg J, Wehamann E, Bargg RR, Travassos DPM, Hadjiev G, Werner O, Lomniczi B (1999) Two novel genetic groups (VIIb and VIII) responsible for recent Newcastle disease outbreaks in Southern Europe. Arch Virol 144:2087–2099CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Herczeg J, Pascucci S, Massi P, Luini M, Selli L, Capua I, Lomniczi B (2001) A longitudinal study of velogenic Newcastle disease virus genotypes isolated in Italy between 1960 and 2000. Avian Pathol 30:163–168CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kho CL, Mohd-Azmi ML, Arshad SS, Yusoff K (2000) Performance of an RT-nested PCR ELISA for Newcastle disease virus. J Virol Methods 86:71–83CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kwon HJ, Cho SH, Ahn YJ, Seo SH, Choi KS, Kim SJ (2003) Molecular epidemiology of Newcastle disease in the Republic of Korea. Vet Microbiol 95:39–48CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lee EK, Jeon WJ, Kwon JH, Yang CB, Choi KS (2009) Molecular epidemiological investigation of Newcastle disease virus from domestic duck in Korea. Vet Microbiol 134:241–248CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Liang R, Cao DJ, Li JQ, Chen J, Guo X, Zhuang FF, Duan MX (2002) Newcastle disease outbreaks in western China were caused by the genotypes VIIa and VIII. Vet Microbiol 87:193–203CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lien YY, Lee JW, Su HY, Tsai HJ, Tsai MC, Hsieh CY, Tsai SS (2007) Phylogenetic characterization of Newcastle disease viruses isolated in Taiwan during 2003–2006. Vet Microbiol 123:194–202CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Liu XF, Wan HQ, Ni XX, Wu YT, Liu WB (2003) Pathotypical and genotypical characterization of strains of Newcastle disease virus isolated from outbreaks in chicken and goose flocks in some regions of China during 1985–2001. Arch Virol 148:1387–1403PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Liu H, Wang Z, Wu Y, Zheng D, Sun C, Bi D, Zuo Y, Xu T (2007) Molecular epidemiological analysis of Newcastle disease virus isolated in China in 2005. J Virol Methods 140:206–211CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lomniczi B, Wehmann E, Herczeg J, Ballagi-Pordany A, Kaleta EF, Werner O, Meulemans G, Jorgensen PH, Mante AP, Gielkens ALJ, Capua I, Damoser J (1998) Newcastle disease outbreaks in recent years in Western Europe were caused by a (VI) and a novel genotype (VIII). Arch Virol 143:49–64CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mase M, Imai K, Sanada N, Yuasa N, Imada T, Tsukamoto K, Yamaguchi S (2002) Phylogenetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus genotypes isolated in Japan. J Clin Microbiol 40:3826–3830CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mayo MA (2002) Virus taxonomy—Houston 2002. Arch Virol 147:1071–1076CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mayo MA (2002) A summary of taxonomic change recently approved by ICTV. Arch Virol 147:1655–1656CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Maizan M, Sharifah SH, Ong GH, Fuad R, Suriani MN (2001) Genetic and phylogenetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus isolated from recent outbreaks. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International congress/13th VAM congress and CVA-Australasia/oceania regional symposium, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp 67–69Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Meulemans G, van den Berg TP, Decaesstecker M, Boschmans M (2002) Evolution of the pigeon Newcastle disease virus strains. Avian Pathol 31:515–519CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Pedersen JC, Senne DA, Woolcock PR, Kinde H, King DJ, Wise MG, Panigrahy B, Seal BS (2004) Phylogenetic relationships among virulent Newcastle disease virus isolates from the 2002–2003 outbreak in California and other recent outbreaks in North America. J Clin Microbiol 42:2329–2334CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Philips RJ, Samson ACR, Emmerson PT (1998) Nucleotide sequence of the 5′-terminus of Newcastle disease virus and assembly of the complete genomic sequence: agreement with the ‘rule of six’. Arch Virol 143:1993–2002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Qin Z, Sun L, Ma B, Cui Z, Zhu Y, Kitamura Y, Liu W (2008) F gene recombination between genotype II and VII Newcastle disease virus. Virus Res 131:299–303CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Tan SW, Aini I, Omar AR, Yusoff K, Hair-Bejo M (2009) Detection and differentiation of Newcastle disease virus using SYBR Green I real-time PCR with novel nucleocapsid gene-specific primer. J Virol Methods 160:149–156CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Terregino C, Cattoli G, Grossele B, Bertoli E, Tisato E, Capua I (2003) Characterization of Newcastle disease virus isolates obtained from Eurasian collared doves (Streptopelia decaocto) in Italy. Avian Pathol 32:63–68CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Toyoda T, Sakaguchi T, Hirota H, Gotoh B, Kuma K, Miyata T, Nagai Y (1989) Newcastle disease virus evolution II. Lack of gene recombination in generating virulent and avirulent strains. Virology 169:273–282CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Tsai HJ, Chang KH, Tseng CH, Frost KM, Manvell RJ, Alexander DJ (2004) Antigenic and genotypical characterization of Newcastle disease virus isolated in Taiwan between 1969 and 1996. Vet Microbiol 104:19–30CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Yang CY, Shieh HK, Lin YL, Chang PC (1999) Newcastle disease virus isolated from recent outbreaks in Taiwan phylogenetically related to viruses (genotype VII) from recent outbreaks in Western Europe. Avian Dis 43:125–130CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Yu L, Wang Z, Jiang Y, Chang L, Kwang J (2001) Characterization of newly emerging Newcastle disease virus isolates from the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan. J Clin Microbiol 39:3512–3519CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheau Wei Tan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Aini Ideris
    • 1
    • 2
  • Abdul R. Omar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Khatijah Yusoff
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mohd Hair-Bejo
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Institute of BioscienceUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  3. 3.Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular SciencesUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations