The order Herpesvirales
- 2.7k Downloads
The taxonomy of herpesviruses has been updated by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). The former family Herpesviridae has been split into three families, which have been incorporated into the new order Herpesvirales. The revised family Herpesviridae retains the mammal, bird and reptile viruses, the new family Alloherpesviridae incorporates the fish and frog viruses, and the new family Malacoherpesviridae contains a bivalve virus. Three new genera have been created in the family Herpesviridae, namely Proboscivirus in the subfamily Betaherpesvirinae and Macavirus and Percavirus in the subfamily Gammaherpesvirinae. These genera have been formed by the transfer of species from established genera and the erection of new species, and other new species have been added to some of the established genera. In addition, the names of some nonhuman primate virus species have been changed. The family Alloherpesviridae has been populated by transfer of the genus Ictalurivirus and addition of the new species Cyprinid herpesvirus 3. The family Malacoherpesviridae incorporates the new genus Ostreavirus containing the new species Ostreid herpesvirus 1.
KeywordsEstablished Genus Frog Virus Established Species Malignant Catarrhal Fever Equid Herpesvirus
- 6.Davison A, Eberle R, Hayward GS, McGeoch DJ, Minson AC, Pellett PE, Roizman B, Studdert MJ, Thiry E (2005) Herpesviridae. In: Fauquet CM, Mayo MA, Maniloff J, Desselberger U, Ball LA (eds) Virus taxonomy, classification and nomenclature of viruses, eighth report of the International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses. Elsevier Academic Press, London, pp 193–212Google Scholar
- 18.Pellett PE, Roizman B (2006) The Herpesviridae: a brief introduction. In: Knipe DM, Howley PM, Griffin DE, Lamb RA, Martin MA, Roizman B, Straus SE (eds) Fields virology, 5th edn. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, pp 2479–2499Google Scholar
- 25.Wellehan JFX, Jarchow JL, Reggiardo C, Jacobson ER (2003) A novel herpesvirus associated with hepatic necrosis in a San Esteban chuckwalla, Sauromalus varius. J Herpetol Med Surg 13:15–19Google Scholar