Archives of Virology

, Volume 153, Issue 3, pp 507–515 | Cite as

T-even-related bacteriophages as candidates for treatment of Escherichia coli urinary tract infections

  • H. Nishikawa
  • M. Yasuda
  • J. Uchiyama
  • M. Rashel
  • Y. Maeda
  • I. Takemura
  • S. Sugihara
  • T. Ujihara
  • Y. Shimizu
  • T. Shuin
  • S. Matsuzaki
Original Article


Multidrug-resistant uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is increasing gradually on a worldwide scale. We therefore examined the possibility of bacteriophage (phage) therapy for urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by the UPEC strains as an alternative to chemotherapy. In addition to the well-known T4 phage, KEP10, which was newly isolated, was used as a therapeutic phage candidate. KEP10 showed a broader bacteriolytic spectrum (67%) for UPEC strains than T4 (14%). Morphological and genetic analyses showed that KEP10 resembles phage T4. Phages T4 and KEP10 injected into the peritoneal cavity of mice were distributed immediately to all organs examined and maintained a high titer for at least 24 h. They were stable in the urine of both mice and humans for 24 h at 37°C. Administration of these phages into the peritoneal cavity caused a marked decrease in the mortality of mice inoculated transurethrally with a UPEC strain, whereas most of the control mice died within a few days of bacterial infection. Inoculation with phage alone produced no adverse effects attributable to the phage per se. The present study experimentally demonstrated the therapeutic potential of phage for E. coli-induced UTIs, and T-even-related phages may be suitable candidates with which to treat them.


Major Capsid Protein Phage Therapy Mouse Urine UPEC Strain Bacterial Infectious Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was partly supported by grants from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports, and Culture, Japan [16659265].


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Nishikawa
    • 1
  • M. Yasuda
    • 1
  • J. Uchiyama
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. Rashel
    • 3
  • Y. Maeda
    • 2
    • 3
  • I. Takemura
    • 3
    • 4
  • S. Sugihara
    • 5
  • T. Ujihara
    • 6
  • Y. Shimizu
    • 3
  • T. Shuin
    • 1
  • S. Matsuzaki
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of UrologyKochi Medical SchoolNankoku, KochiJapan
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsKochi Medical SchoolNankoku, KochiJapan
  3. 3.Department of Microbiology and InfectionKochi Medical SchoolNankoku, KochiJapan
  4. 4.Department of BiochemistryKochi Medical SchoolNankoku, KochiJapan
  5. 5.Clinical Laboratory Center of Kochi Medical School HospitalKochi Medical SchoolNankoku, KochiJapan
  6. 6.Section of Life Science and Biofunctional MaterialsScience Research Center of Kochi UniversityNankoku, KochiJapan

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