Archives of Virology

, Volume 152, Issue 3, pp 611–614 | Cite as

Enteric caliciviruses in domestic pigs in Hungary

  • G. Reuter
  • H. Bíró
  • G. Szűcs
Brief Report


Caliciviruses closely related to human norovirus and sapovirus were recently detected in domestic pigs, causing discussions about the animal reservoir and the potential for zoonotic transmission to humans. To detect porcine caliciviruses, 17 fecal samples collected on two swine farms in southwestern Hungary were tested by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Three (17.6%) samples were positive for caliciviruses. This study confirms the presence of caliciviruses, both porcine sapovirus (genus Sapovirus) and porcine norovirus (genus Norovirus), in domestic pigs in Hungary and provides additional information on the viral genetic diversity and relationship to viruses referred to as human caliciviruses.


Swine Farm Sapovirus Gastroenteritis Outbreak Human Noroviruses Viral Genetic Diversity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Farkas, T, Nakajima, S, Sugieda, M, Deng, A, Zhong, W, Jiang, X 2005Seroprevalence of noroviruses in swineJ Clin Microbiol43657661PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Guo, M, Chang, KO, Hardy, ME, Zhang, Q, Parwani, AV, Saif, LJ 1999Molecular characterization of a porcine enteric calicivirus genetically related to Sapporo-like human calicivirusesJ Virol7396259631PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Jiang, X, Huang, PW, Zhong, WM, Farkas, T, Cubitt, DW, Matson, DO 1999Design and evaluation of a primer pair that detects both Norwalk- and Sapporo-like caliciviruses by RT-PCRJ Virol Methods83145154PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kim, HJ, Cho, HS, Cho, KO, Park, NY 2006Detection and molecular characterization of porcine enteric calicivirus in Korea, genetically related to SapovirusJ Vet Med B53155159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Martinez, MA, Alcala, AC, Carruyo, G, Botero, L, Liprandi, F, Ludert, JE 2006Molecular detection of porcine enteric caliciviruses in Venezuelan farmsVet Microbiol1167784PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Mayo, MA 2002Virus Taxonomy – Houston 2002Arch Virol14710711076PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Reuter, G, Krisztalovics, K, Vennema, H, Koopmans, M, Szűcs, Gy 2005Evidence of the etiological predominance of norovirus in gastroenteritis outbreaks – Emerging new variant and recombinant noroviruses in HungaryJ Med Virol76598607PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Saif, LJ, Bohl, EH, Theil, KW, Cross, RF, House, JA 1980Rotavirus-like, calicivirus-like, and 23-nm virus-like particles associated with diarrhea in young pigsJ Clin Microbiol12105111PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Smith, AW, Iversen, PL, Skilling, DE, Stein, DA, Bok, K, Matson, DO 2006Vesivirus iremia and seroprevalence in humansJ Med Virol78693701PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Sugieda, M, Nagaoka, H, Kakishima, Y, Ohshita, T, Nakamura, S, Nakajima, S 1998Detection of Norwalk-like virus genes in the caecum contents of pigsArch Virol14312151221PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. van der Poel, WHM, Vinjé, J, van der Heide, R, Herrera, MI, Vivo, A, Koopmans, MPG 2000Norwalk-like calicivirus genes in farm animalsEmerg Infect Dis63641PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Wang, Q-H, Han, MG, Funk, JA, Bowman, G, Janies, DA, Saif, LJ 2004Genetic diversity and recombination of porcine sapovirusesJ Clin Microbiol4359635972CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Wang, Q-H, Han, MG, Cheetham, S, Souza, M, Funk, JA, Saif, LJ 2005Porcine noroviruses related to human norovirusesEmerg Infect Dis1218741881Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Reuter
    • 1
  • H. Bíró
    • 2
  • G. Szűcs
    • 1
  1. 1.Regional Laboratory of VirologyÁNTSZ Baranya County Institute of State Public Health ServicePécsHungary
  2. 2.Aka-Hyb Kft.MohácsHungary

Personalised recommendations